The standards include the concepts of; dignity; privacy; choice; safety; realizing potential; and equality and diversity (Scottish Parliament, 2001).
According to The Regulation of Care (Scotland) Act 2001, the Scottish Ministers ensure that the provision of services meets a high standard of quality service by regularly reviewing the national care standards that apply to care services, and this includes the delivery of services to the elderly (5 & 59). To enable the optimum provision of services, the standards and services are continuously evaluated with the inclusive consultation of those who are the end users of the services.
Many elderly in the UK have ongoing health care costs, the need for social support, the need for education and up-to-date information pertinent to their social welfare and health needs, as well as idiosyncratic personal needs and expectations, such as assistance and support with their son going to court (ENABLE, 2006). In this respect, there is a critical need for a review of social and health provisions to the elderly who are living at home (Hill, 2006).
Progressive legislation aims to improve the rights of homeless people such as the Homeless ect. (Scotland) Bill 2002 seeks to prevent and alleviate homelessness and to enhance the dignity and well being of homeless persons. Across Scotland, local authorities and associated social service staffs in formal and voluntary organisations work in collaboration with a multi-disciplinary approach to provide holistic homelessness services to those in need. In doing so, these individuals and organizations contribute to the continuous improvement of policies and protocols, as they are the front-line workers who are able to identify needs and gaps in existing systems.
The Homeless ect. (Scotland) Bill 2002 (Scottish Executive, 2002) has several key and pertinent objectives;
To promote social justice in Scotland and to decrease the opportunity gap (s2).
To enable access to appropriate housing to ensure the social justice agenda (s2)
To make a difference to the homeless situation so as to promote healthier lives or individuals (s2).
To provide a solid basis from which the homeless could access employment, education and training (s2).
To inform future developments of homelessness policy in Scotland (s3).
To support the Homelessness Task Force established in 1999 (s3).
Priority issues for this policy were identified by way of revision of the Task Forces 2001 report. It was established that once an applicant had been assessed as homeless a distinction be made as to those that are in priority and need and those who are not. A priority need category status was afforded to applicants who are were risk of domestic violence, had experienced or suffered harassment, or were at risk of violence by virtue of their ethnicity, colour, sexual orientation or national origins (s1 & 52). Applicants who experienced a physical disability that placed them in a vulnerable position were also afforded priority need category status by way of the Housing (Scotland) Act 1987 (s1 & 52) from previous policy formation.
B) Relevant Policies
i) The Community Care and Health (Scotland) Act 2002
In conjunction with the Regulation Act, the Community Care