Poverty reduction or poverty alleviation refers to any process that attempts to reduce the number of people living on and below the poverty line in a given community or country. Reduction of poverty in the developing countries has gained the greatest priority with the governments of these countries while designing reforms for economic growth.
The presence of poverty adds to these factors and makes the economic scenario worse for the developing nations. Thus one of the essential reforms in the developing nations is reducing the level of poverty.
Strategies for poverty reduction in a country include the various macroeconomic policies and social programmes that help in reducing poverty and stimulating economic growth. The social and structural programmes for reducing poverty in developing countries are designed after analysing the multidimensional effects of poverty. The ultimate objective of these policies is raising the quality of life of the poor. Generally such policies are associated with a deep involvement of the civil society. The civil society's participation in the policies promotes the national ownership of the poverty reduction strategies. Poverty is a deep-rooted problem for any nation. Hence the strategies taken for its eradication also involve a long time horizon. This is the reason for the long-term perspective of poverty reduction strategies (Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, 2008).
Various strategies are followed for poverty eradication in developing nations. The most popular among them is Ownership strategy. ...
ntribute to the problem of poverty is the unequal distribution of economic resources, since this unequal distribution denies the access of economic resources to the poor. The ownership strategy of poverty reduction aims at an appropriate distribution of economic resources in the developing countries.
The strategy of sustainable development also helps to eradicate poverty. Sustainable development refers to the development of a nation which can meet the needs of the present generation without hampering the future generation's ability to meet its own requirements. This concept of sustainability has been used to address the issue of poverty in several developing nations. But this concept has not been seamlessly accepted throughout the economic and social science schools of the world (Sustainable Development: Implications for World Peace, n.d.).
The most popular poverty eradication strategy of recent times is the building of natural assets. The idea behind this strategy rests on the fact that reducing poverty helps in securing the natural environment of a nation. As economic and political leverage has penetrated the low-income communities, they are able to take proper care of the environment and protect it from any kind of damage or harm.
Role of NGOs in Eradicating Poverty
The developing countries have taken to the task of poverty reduction with utmost sincerity. This is the reason that major steps for the eradication of poverty are being taken by the International Non-Government Organisations in the recent times. The potential role of NGOs in eradicating poverty was realised in the year 2000. In 2000, the United Nations Millennium Goals (MDGs) was signed, in order to significantly reduce poverty levels. According to the terms declared in MDG the UN ...
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(NGOs and Poverty Reduction Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“NGOs and Poverty Reduction Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/283545-ngos-and-poverty-reduction.
The decision to adopt a vegetarian diet remains a controversial one for many people in the United States and around the world. Those who support the vegetarian lifestyle are vocal about the health benefits of a plant-based diet, while others worry that becoming a vegetarian will result in dietary problems from lack of important nutrients.
After the formulation of United Nations in 1945 the term Non Governmental Organization came into existence.These organizations have many roles which include promoting rights of a specific faction of society,promoting basic services like education and health,fighting laws and rules that are against poor or a particular group and helping government fighting diseases
It has not just economic, but political and social dimensions to it as well. The term poverty is used in relative sense rather absolute. Attacking poverty requires a practical definition and a benchmark for measuring poverty. International organizations like United Nations (UN) have always been a key player in policy formation of poverty eradication.
These voluntary organizations are self-regulated and self-reliant, and are financed through donations, charities, and government groups to perform various social activities locally or internationally. NGOs broadly work in two areas, the development sector of a region or country, and the civil sector working for fundamental human rights in societies and communities.
However, two years later, there was a conclusion of review of implementing poverty reduction strategies. There were numerous parties that made significant contribution to completion of this review; in fact, these parties included non-governmental organizations, World Bank and IMF.
In this regard, the term development strategy can be ascertained to be contrasting with the concept of development that narrowly focuses on the economic growth and improvement of living conditions, comprising meeting basic needs (materials) (United Nations, “The United Nations Development Strategy Beyond 2015”).
The governments of the world are a well struggling to make strategies for their country in order save their people from the anguish of poverty. Poverty is still a big struggle in the developing world where a greater majority of the people is considered as poor.
This essay stresses that apart from the traditional causes of poor health, of which poverty is one reason, the steps taken towards modernity and industrializations are adding to the problems in this area. It is to the credit of Pakistan that there has been rapid industrialization. But the problems associated with it pose new health issues too.
According to the report, What Role do NGOs Play in Reducing Poverty in Developing Countries?, the greatest hurdle in the progress of any country’s economy is poverty. In fact the impact of poverty has led to a wide difference between the developed and developing countries. The ill effects of poverty are more intense in the developing countries.
That day I had an important meeting that kept me tensed all night and I was deprived of good sleep. Despite of all sorts of efforts of not falling a prey to insomnia, I finally gave up and woke up quite early. I looked outside, it was still dawn and stepped out