Before librarians have been aware of the needs of users, there is a lot of research around which identifies different client groups and their information needs. These client groups often require certain types of information particular to their needs, so the profession has recognised that different types of information exist. And the clients can be divided into recognisable groups, for example, by age, interests, or types of work. The interest of my essay are particular groups such as information poor and socially excluded, and developing specific strategies to make access to proper information easy for them.
Though the role of information literacy is very important, there is no consensus withing the literature what is information literacy and who can be considered an information literate person. Doyle (1991) cited in Harvey et al (2004) defines information literacy as 'The ability to access, evaluate and use information from a variety of sources.'
I understand information literacy as a set of person's abilities concerning various information activities: gathering, processing and providing it to others. The information literate person should obtain all these abilities, not one or two of them, because they form a complete system of work with information.
There is a big differenc...
Definition of digital divide given at American Library Association (2001) is:
Differences due to geography, race, economic status, gender, and physical ability
In access to information through the Internet, and other information technologies and services
In the skills, knowledge, and abilities to use information, the Internet and other technologies.
Solutions to the Digital Divide are:
Computer/technology access in every home.
Computer literacy and skills training from preschool through college.
Regonition that libraries are central to digital divide solutions.
Collaborative and cooperative partnerships.
2.2. Groups who need help in information literacy
There are a number of social groups that are disadvantaged in relation to information access:
Those who living in isolated areas. Telephones or Internet connections can be absent in regions difficult of access or they can be spoiled and hard to repair. So communications with these regions are impossible and people who live there feel lack of information about events in the world.
Aboriginal people. Aboriginal people can be illiterate, so even they have possibilities to access to information, they can not use it and enjoy advantages of it.
Women. For example, in Muslim society women are usually sitting at home and do nothing except the housekeeping. It's very difficult for such women to get to a public place, because the religion prohibits their social life. If there is no TV or Internet access in their home, these women are cut from the world. They are placed at an information island, which includes their home and their relatives.
The elderity. It can be difficult to communicate for the elder people. They are hard to learn new