Permanent residents of the community generally stay on the island for an average of four years and hail mostly from the United Kingdom. Life on the island is very simple in traditional terms. The islanders tend to the animals, sheep, cows, and chickens, which provide their source of meat. Since the residents are largely vegetarian, the expansive gardens contain a wide variety of vegetables, all tended by the community's residents and visitors. All of the food served on the island is organic and homemade. Bakery items and cheeses produced by the residents are often used to barter with local tradesmen (Findhorn Foundation 2008). This small community also makes their own candles and chops wood for the numerous wood-burning fireplaces and stoves on the island, activities which they encourage guests to participate in. Even the toilets are eco-friendly, outdoor loos where the waste is collected and used as fertilizer. Maintenance to the island's cottages and storage buildings are even accomplished through the efforts of the residents and sometimes their guests. Erraid can be considered a utopian society due to the core values that cement together the members of the community. Erraid's residents strongly believe in the peaceful and spiritual basis that the community operates under. It is a largely self-sufficient society, though not entirely cut off from the rest of the world due to their mandated four week vacation from the island every year and the guests that continually visit throughout the year. Their mission is not to bring peace to the world, but to maintain a tranquil place where the world can come to gain a short respite. All of the current residents left promising careers in various industries to search for a kind of inner peace on the island. Everything in Erraid is a community activity whether it is chores or communal meditation which is practiced on a daily basis. What is obviously absent from the community is a dependence on material possessions such as money, personal belongings, and vehicles, anything that would interrupt the community's ideal of a wholly equal, utopian society.
Philosopher Zhang Longxi theories concerning utopian society are based on the belief that utopia is not just a literary fantasy about an unreal paradise, but the "articulation of a social theory, the blueprint for a political system" (Longxi, The Utopian Vision, East and West 2002).