Islamophobia, coined in the 20th Century, is defined as the unreasonable fear and hostility towards all things connected with Islam and therefore, Muslims. The fact that Muslims identify themselves more by their religion than their race make them different from most social groups and therefore, open to some suspicion…
(Greater London Authority 2006)
Records from the 17th Century show that Muslims had settled in the British community and had engaged in commerce i.e. coffee trading as well as scholarship and diplomacy. The Muslim population in the UK according to the Office of National Statistics (ONS) as of 2001 was in excess of 1.5 million and it is a young population, more than half between the ages of 0 to 24 years of age, which emphasizes the need for provisions in education and employment. Forty percent of the UK Muslim population, 600,000 as of 2001, live in London, the largest population in any European city. (Greater London Authority 2006)
Given these statistics, discrimination against British Muslims makes it a British problem more than any other European country. The Runnymede Trust recognized this in the early 1990s when the parallelisms between the discrimination against Jews and Muslims were pointed out and a commission was formed to study the problem. It was found that anti-Muslim sentiments in the UK manifested itself into verbal and physical attacks on individuals, desecration of holy edifices, negative stereotyping in the media and by political leaders, inadequacy of bureaucratic response to social service needs such as education and healthcare, disproportionate social exclusion, discrimination in employment, lack of legislation protecting Muslims against religious hate crimes and curtailment of civil liberties that peculiarly affect Muslims. (Stone 2004)
Dr Anja Rudiger of the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC) states that in their work against racial discrimination, the hostility towards Muslims in the European Community is a serious matter. She finds that Islamophobia is something the European Muslims encounter in their daily lives, not only as a result of negative media nor a climate of suspicion in a climate of political tension. Religious identity has surpassed the notion of skin colour as a basis for discrimination. (Address at the St. Antony's-Princeton Conference on Muslims in Europe Post 9/11 "Discrimination and Legislation" 2003)
King's College's Maleiha Malik states that the impact of the September 11, 2001 bombing of the World Trade Center (9/11) was to reinforce the perception of the Muslim association with terrorism. She concedes that in light of recent events the public clamour for more acute policing of the Muslim community is based on reasonable grounds but is nevertheless a gross trespass on human rights. The deleterious effects of such blatant discrimination towards such a large community would have serious social consequences not only on the Muslim community but on the entire British population as well. (Address at the St. Antony's-Princeton Conference on Muslims in Europe Post 9/11 "Discrimination and Legislation" 2003)
Given this set of circumstances in which British Muslims find themselves, it is the interest of this paper to investigate the matters of education, employment and social situation of Muslims living in the UK post 9/11.
Religious discrimination in education
The unsatisfactory level of educational achievement among young British Muslims has led to an inquiry that would identify the factors that led to this state of ...
Cite this document
(“Religious discriminationEmployment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/sociology/285106-religious-discriminationemployment
(Religious DiscriminationEmployment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words)
“Religious DiscriminationEmployment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/285106-religious-discriminationemployment.
Religious Fundamentalism studied today by social scientist is more of a contextual worldview which reflects modernity and change, thus studying religious beliefs being stagnant and adamant to the globalization and changing values (Marchovitz 2010). Though social scientists tend to study this worldview without any bias i.e.
Name Course Instructor Date Religious Architectures This paper is going to discuss four religious architectures and the significance of their architecture in regards to the religion they belong to. These include Masjid e Nabwi, the church of Santa Maria, Sistine chapel and the Old New Synagogue.
An important question concerning the monotheistic nature of the three religious traditions has been if they all worship the same God. Scholars are greatly divided on the question and only a logical understanding of how these traditions conceive of and worship God can help one in arriving at a sensible conclusion regarding the issue.
Christian fundamentalism is an American phenomenon but it also received support in some European countries (Dollar, 1973). The history of Christian fundamentalism in America goes back to the late 19th century and is connected with modernity and a new social order (Marin-Guzman, 2003).
Also because of their diverse religious differences they decided to compromise on a non-denominational nature of the Union: the Unifying the various religions, separation of church and state. They believed the "United States was chosen by God" (p. 295), and sought to set out the constitution on these premise.
In addition to that, there are a lot of civics wars that have occurred due to religious persecution. These events have happened with varying degrees of intensity.
Since our aim is to understand what religious persecution really means, it is important
cultural preferences, this makes it hard to understand how inherently religion has evolved or changed into something different and weird in other people’s religion. It is from this perspective that it is important to study all world religion and tries to understand what they
It involves moral codes and conduct. We believe that an individual’s fortune is determined by his or her personal disposition in life and moral conduct. But some of us believe that every individual has two angels. The first one records the individual’s actions and
These politicians are forever beseeching God to bless the country, sending their prayers to casualties of disasters, exalting spiritual values, and hosting religious leaders. Such religious advocacy is unheard of in Europe because the majority of the people are
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Religious discriminationEmployment for FREE!