There is always payment for sexual engagement. Sexual tourism takes place internationally and it is mainly done by wealthy tourists (Cliff, 1999, pp.275-277).
Sex tourism has been a great concern world wide. The World Tourism Organisation which is a sector of the U.N. opposes sex tourism because of its consequences on culture, social and health matters of a people. Its main concern is the impact of sex tourism on sexual exploitation of individuals in reference to social, gender, economic and age inequality. To understand sex tourism, it is important to know what it includes and what it excludes. This will help to make meaning of what the act really means. There must be reasons for engagement in this activity and they will be highlighted in the paper. Various countries have made laws against sex tourism but some laws on the contrary encourage the act. Lastly, it will be important to look at impacts of sex tourism on both the actors and the country. It is important to look at both the positive and negative impacts of the act to ensure that the decisions made either against or for it are justified (Josiam, 1998, pp.501-513)
Some scholars say that sex tourism can be divided in female, adult and child sex tourism. Female sex tourism involves the movement of women from one place to another in search of pleasure, leisure and sex. There is great difference between female and sex tourism in that the women do not visit strip clubs, they do not go to sex shows and tours that are organised. Such trips to engage in sex by women are also known as romance tourism. Women engage in sexual relations with the local people of the destined country. Countries such as Italy, turkey, Thailand, Dominican Republic and so on are known for female sex tourism (Nash,2000, pp.653-664).
Very many western women travel to countries such as Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Thailand to seek sexual satisfaction. There is lesbian sex tourism in this act. Women can travel all the way to seek other women for sexual satisfaction. It is mostly practised in Greece a place called Lesbos. The women seek male prostitutes who have different names in every country for example in Greece they are known as Kamakia and in Bali they are Kuta Cowboys. A general term used for male prostitutes is beach boys (Oppermann, 1999, pp.251-266).
The late 1840's saw the emergence of female sex tourism in Rome. Independence of women to travel had just been introduced and this highly encouraged female sex tourism. That was the first wave of the act; the second wave gained popularity in Europe and America. This was because there was a shortage of men in Europe; Victorian shortage. This shortage encouraged women to seek sexual intercourse from other countries. It has now become very popular as such women seek sexual relations without any strings attached. There main drive is sexual satisfaction and not love or any long lasting relationships. Another encouragement of this activity was the pop culture. Women were involved in music, film and video making that encouraged women to express themselves freely by encouraging feminism. The male prostitutes mainly do it for money though some can be just sex or other reasons personally known to them (Herold, 2001, pp.978-997).
Adult sex tourism
When an adult travels to