These planning methods will correspondingly allocate land as well as road usage for future development needs, maintenance of ecological balance and the promotion of an efficient system so as to address the road problems and management concerns.
Considering the importance of roads in relation to the socio-economic development, the government on its part under its inherent power exercises its right to plan and implement programs and legislation to address it. Correspondingly, since it is vested with public interest, the government regulates road usage and public transport. This is to protect the public's interest as well as to promote the health, comfort, safety and welfare of the people.
Road user charging is defined as a mechanism through which motorists pay to use a defined area of road and key bridges. 2 Similarly, it can also form a larger scheme to charge for the use of road space and provide a means through which road space can be re-allocated in favour of public transport. 3
Road charging can be broadly classified in to four 4 namely: Tolls, Congestion Pricing, Value Pricing and Variable or Peak Period Pricing. Tolls are considered the long-standing and least controversial among the road charges. ...