The role of various crime prevention partnerships is to make the life of the citizens safer, and it has become popular for the community partnerships to issue their strategies, thus improving the general accountability and making their activity open, popular and public. The role of the accountability has become increasingly essential with the understanding that the community and the society itself is responsible for the criminal situation, and thus has to take active part in crime reduction. Such partnerships have now acquired forms of the over-national and thus their accountability should be viewed from the different viewpoints. (Hirshfield & Bowers, 2000)On the one hand, legal accountability itself is the notion which presupposes legal obligation of the crime prevention partnerships to give clear accounts on what actions these partnerships undertake to reduce crimes and to improve general criminal situation in the community. This accountability is even more important taking into account that with such partnerships being often supported for the account of the community taxpayers, the legal accountability itself becomes a necessity....
Accountability is the means of forming the views of the public in relation to this or that problem, and thus accountability itself, without any clear distinction of the side from which it is viewed, either political, legal, or social, also provides assistance for better crime prevention and gives community the right to participate in decision-making.
Political (democratic) accountability is the crime prevention accountability at the national level, involving political issues. It is important for the following reasons: first of all, it creates the image of the country for its own society as well as at the international arena. Accountability on crime reduction can be used for the promotion of political ideas, as well as this very accountability may become the object of political issue itself. It should be understood, that accountability for crime prevention includes accountability of various state services and organizations; it also presupposes the access of the community to the results of their activity. (Bradley, 1998)
Thus, this work will be concentrated around the discussion of the main aspects of the accountability of crime reduction (prevention) in the UK. The organizations which will be taken into account will not only be those which we traditionally connect with the prevention of crimes, as police and fire service, but it will be interesting to look at the non-state organizations as NACRO and their instruments of reducing crimes, as well as the means of accountability to which this organizations keeps in its performance.
Legal accountability of crime prevention
In speaking about the legal accountability for the crime prevention in the UK, the main accent should be made on the discussion of police service as the guarantee of protection