It is important to have closer look at the partnerships, which are accountable for crime prevention, their effectiveness, accountability and role, as well as other organizations which take part in the crime prevention system…
The role of various crime prevention partnerships is to make the life of the citizens safer, and it has become popular for the community partnerships to issue their strategies, thus improving the general accountability and making their activity open, popular and public. The role of the accountability has become increasingly essential with the understanding that the community and the society itself is responsible for the criminal situation, and thus has to take active part in crime reduction. Such partnerships have now acquired forms of the over-national and thus their accountability should be viewed from the different viewpoints. (Hirshfield & Bowers, 2000)On the one hand, legal accountability itself is the notion which presupposes legal obligation of the crime prevention partnerships to give clear accounts on what actions these partnerships undertake to reduce crimes and to improve general criminal situation in the community. This accountability is even more important taking into account that with such partnerships being often supported for the account of the community taxpayers, the legal accountability itself becomes a necessity....
Accountability is the means of forming the views of the public in relation to this or that problem, and thus accountability itself, without any clear distinction of the side from which it is viewed, either political, legal, or social, also provides assistance for better crime prevention and gives community the right to participate in decision-making.
Political (democratic) accountability is the crime prevention accountability at the national level, involving political issues. It is important for the following reasons: first of all, it creates the image of the country for its own society as well as at the international arena. Accountability on crime reduction can be used for the promotion of political ideas, as well as this very accountability may become the object of political issue itself. It should be understood, that accountability for crime prevention includes accountability of various state services and organizations; it also presupposes the access of the community to the results of their activity. (Bradley, 1998)
Thus, this work will be concentrated around the discussion of the main aspects of the accountability of crime reduction (prevention) in the UK. The organizations which will be taken into account will not only be those which we traditionally connect with the prevention of crimes, as police and fire service, but it will be interesting to look at the non-state organizations as NACRO and their instruments of reducing crimes, as well as the means of accountability to which this organizations keeps in its performance.
Legal accountability of crime prevention
In speaking about the legal accountability for the crime prevention in the UK, the main accent should be made on the discussion of police service as the guarantee of protection ...
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“Accountability of Crime Prevention Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/288198-accountability-of-crime-prevention.
Among these changes were the Juvenile Crime Enforcement and Accountability Grant Program, Comprehensive Youth Services/Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Act, Repeat Offenders Prevention Program and Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act. The purpose of this paper was to examine the foundation of each one of these initiatives and try to link it to changes in crime, education and other social statistics over the course of a decade.
These crime prevention programs have been formulated so as to finish all sorts of crime from grass root level whatever they may be. The need for such crime prevention programs has been since long but work on these programs just began about two decades ago.
The differences between these two approaches to criminal behaviour have been widely recognised as misleading. Practically, organisations responsible to prevent and control criminal behaviour in order to be effective have to adopt and combine both situational and social approaches to crime prevention.
It has been found to be instrumental in deterring criminal activities in some instance where people had previously been giving reasons for committing crimes. This technique has been found effective in deterring crimes such as tax evasion, traffics crimes, sexual harassment, and other petty thefts at work places.
Later in 2003, Cornish and Clarke again extended the numbers to 25, by adding 'reducing provocations'.
The theory of crime prevention works on the principle that a criminal act can happen because of the presentation of an easy target like an unlocked door, or walking on a deserted street late at night.
But it did not have a negative impact as many had thought and many states then followed in implementation of this law. It came to be realized with time that carrying firearms had a positive effect on the crime prevention. There are many reasons to this effect.
However there are many other factors which lead to the commitment of crimes. In order to make people avoid the commitment of crimes the criminologists have taken measures. They have introduced such measures that not only discourage the people but also sow a seed of fear in the individuals who are about to commit a crime.
The crime and its implications has to be made understood to each and every citizen of the nation right from the stage he or she starts getting the feel of the society and things that have been associated with it. The most important philosophy around which the whole act of crime and crime prevention hovers is that this crime is very much a manmade enigma and the perpetrators or the criminals are not born, they are developed in this society and later become a bane to the same society from where it has been developed.
The situation is such that homicide, murder, robbery and rape can occur at any place any time. The government finds it difficult to ensure the security of the lives of its people. What is contrasting is the fact that America is one of
Thus in the beginning of XX century social crime prevention was a dominant theoretical background of crime prevention. This approach is considered in detail on the example of the Chicago School further on.
In the beginning of 80s crime
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