(As cited in Crisis Intervention, 2004, para. 2 "Crisis Theory") Crisis Theory assumes a certain points, which according to Butcher and Maudal (As cited in Crisis Intervention, 2004, para. 4 "Crisis Theory") include high levels of subjective distress followed by an inability to modify the source of stress. It also assumes that crisis can be the cause of stressful life situations, which are dangerous and are most likely to cause stress. Besides these, some natural calamities and events like death of spouse also provoke crisis reactions. These reactions can take up to 6-8 weeks to be resolved. The theory also assumes that Crisis Intervention is suitable for the individuals who are not able to cope up with their environment temporarily and not who have long-term psychological problems.
Crisis Intervention Theory, which is well practiced to deal with the crisis problems of individuals in day-to-day life facilitates crisis resolution through "adaptive rather than maladaptive" means. Crisis Intervention can start with the victim service provider accomplishing two steps, they can administer "emotional first aid" through verbal or non verbal communication with a view to relieve the victim of stress and they can make the victim "feel heard, understood and accepted". (Crisis Intervention, 2004, para.2, "Developing an Awareness of Crisis')
Difference Between Theory and Methods
Crisis Intervention Theory and Methods are basically based on the very principles of Crisis Intervention, however, when it comes to application of those principles, methods pertain to the more practical side of the issue, whereas theory underlines the ways in which the problem can be overcome. For example, the Theory focuses on giving immediate relief by resolving the immediate problem instead of restructuring the personality of an individual. The Theory also believes in helping the individual identify ways to cope up with the problem and also try and make them engaged in problem-solving behavior. Roberts model professes a thorough assessment of the problem and the individual, to start with, followed by establishing a rapport, identifying the major problems, dealing with the emotions, generating alternatives, formulating an action plan, and following-up. So the above-mentioned process talks about the theory, but to put this into practice Crisis Intervention methods are taken up. There can be methods like "Safety and Security", "Ventilation and Validation", and "Prediction and Preparation". (Crisis Intervention, 2004, para.1, Basic Techniques for Crisis Intervention).
Overview of Methods- Strengths and Weaknesses
The first method mentioned above- Safety and Security talks about the physical safety of the victim, which can be in danger because of many reasons like if the victim has not been given enough time to replace torn clothing after the incident, or the victim is at the place where an incident took place. The first duty of the victim service provider is to ask the victim, if they are safe, and if they are not it becomes critical to get them first