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Abortion - An Ethical Dilemma - Essay Example

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Human rights as defined by UN, are those rights which are essential to human beings such as access to basic services which makes the person survive in his own battle and be developed as a person.Abortion has been a dilemma globally. It is like a question of faith. How the values of a person was molded and how the community and the laws binding it influenced him to be critical in deciding to be good and morally upright.Utilitarianism came from a Latin word utilis which means useful (Fox, 2006). It was initially proposed by Jeremy Bentham. He identified that pain and pleasures are the basic and only morals in the world. He believes that pleasure and pain were masters that govern men (Mill, 1863). Fox's (2006) notes throroughly explained that pain and pleasure are norms that determine the moral value of any action. With this, he derived the rule of utility and but later thought that it is of different ideas, he then referred to it as the principle of great happiness. Bentham further assumes that all pleasures are the same; they only differ in quantity, how big the intensity is (Fox, 2006). In this theory, Bentham examined what is right and what is good. This type of theory is consequentialism (Johnson, 2006) where it explains that right actions are an action that produces consequences. It is concerned on the good it will bring and not on the bad. In terms of laws and policies, it supports rules that cannot do harm to the population. Great happiness is always the rule with this theory. Happiness is the ultimate good all creatures are seeking. This theory is strongly based on the English philosophical tradition of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill where it states that every action has the same consequences it can get Mill, (1863). Utilitarianism is more on telling the truth and keeping promises. It is more on the rules that can make a person good in any way.
Based on the book written by John Stuart Mill (1863), physical pleasure is different with cultural, intellectual, and spiritual pleasures. He explained that utilitarianism is more on pleasure-seeking since it dealt with pleasure or happiness. Utilitarianism also explains that the morality of an action will not be based on how many people made happier but the quantity of happiness produced (Fox, 2006).
Theory has founded on the ability to predict the consequences of an action (Hozien, 1999). In a report done by Hozien (1999), the choice that is to be made should make good or benefit the the mankind and this is perceived to be ethically correct. The utilitarian can make comparisons on how to better deliver the result and make the consequences beneficial for everybody. This point system according to Hozien (1999) and Bentham gives a logical argument foe every decision made and enable the person to use it whether it can satisfy the needs of everyone.
Two types of utilitarianism have been identified: act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism (Mill, 1863). Act utilitarianism is the same with the definition by utilitarianism where it predicts the consequences of action. It performs the act that benefits each and everyone in the society regardless of norms and culture, and laws. On the other hand, rule utilitarianism is concerned with justice and fairness but also benefits mankind.
In view of abortion as an issue using utilitarian view, it is seen that abortion can be a choice for every woman who are conceiving a child. As Alice Paul (1923) has viewed abortion, she defined it "as the ultimate exploitation of women." From her presentations, it was stated that the choices of women is ...Show more
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Summary

Every child in the world has a right to live whether they are born out of wedlock or love. Considered as the little angels, they are blessings from above. Every person, every child has to experience life's pleasures, may it be happy or sad. …
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Abortion - An Ethical Dilemma
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