As a disabled person in the United Kingdom there are certain benefits, which help you to survive in the society. These benefits depend on the circumstances put up by the government. These conditions can be: incapacity benefit; injured at work or injured while working in the armed forces. It is for people who have care needs and for people who are taking care of someone who is disabled. There are other benefits such as tax credit for disabled person; severe disablement allowance; attendance allowance; statuary sick pay and benefits for the extra costs of disability. As a disabled person, you may be entitled to other help apart from benefits and tax credits such as reduced cost public transport. A disabled person is also liable to get disability living allowance.All of these benefits are given to citizens of United Kingdom to assist them in the hour of need. The citizens claim these benefits and then government provide them the required facility. These facilities are given to the people provided that they stand eligible for it.As British government continued its effort to develop a Welfare State during the 20th century, people were not too much impressed with the efforts and they continued to disagree with their government. As a result the government efforts were put down. The history of the Welfare State is the history of the flight from the Welfare State. Development of a welfare state was continued despite of being deviated from the early hopes. There were many developments in the 20th century that included Rental control, State Pension, Private provision for healthcare and many more.
In December 1942, British government published a report "Beveridge Report", named after its author, a journalist, academic and government advisor William Beveridge. The report focused on four important areas: Disease, ignorance, immorality, idleness and need. (Rotary Global History Fellow Ship, updated 2006) The report enlightens the government role, which guaranteed minimum standard of British people in times of sickness, unemployment and retirement. Therefore, the aim was to shape the British government social policy for the years to come.
The need to strengthen the welfare state was not only necessary for the people of the country but for the country itself, as the rate of unemployment had deeply affected the economy (REFRESH, 1994).
Why it was created
There were various reasons that led to the creation of a welfare state in 1940. The prime focus was to improve the standardization of services, efficient utilization of resources and maintaining the minimum living standard for the people of Britain. The creation of welfare state was the struggle towards minimization of poverty. Howard Genitor, Professor of Social Policy, LSE stated," The idea that the Beveridge welfare state was built on a post-war consensus is a myth ".
According to (Steve Schifferes, 2005), There was a growing social division in the cities between rich and poor, as numerous social investigators discovered. Meanwhile, skilled workers were creating organisations such as trade unions to lift themselves out of poverty - but their growing militancy worried the middle classes. With the welfare state concept, a new state was aimed free from the social divisions.
The pressure that led to improve the social reform happened after the First World War, when the need to devise a solution for rental control arouse and as the Second World War ended the pressure was even higher.
Beveridge wanted to tackle what he called the "five giants" - want, disease, squalor, ignorance, and idleness - through a universal welfare