Beinn Eighe is a biosphere reserve which displays a suite of habitats that are affected by ocean and upland influences. It is characterized by bare rock, heathland, scree and wet grassland. Dwarf shrub heath and western variants moss heath are species that attracts national interest. This biosphere has Loch Maree which is found in isolated gorges which is characterized by holly, rowan, oak and juniper. The site is managed for conservation purposes. It was first establish as an open laboratory which was then used later as a site for managing environmental change. The site is close to Kinlochewe village and it covers about 5,000 hectares. It is surrounded by Loch Maree and Glen Torridon. The site rises to the top of Meall Ghiubhais. It is one of the most spectacular ranges in Scotland and is regarded to be the most attractive reserve for climbers and geologists. The reserve is characterized by various types of rocks such as ancient grey Lewisian gneiss, torridonian sandstone that forms the bulk of mountain. Another distinctive feature is the present of Cambrian quartzites. What makes the reserve more superior are glaciers that sculpted quartzites rocks during ice ages.
Monitoring of pollution and climate around the world have been done under separate programs distinct from biodiversity on particular group of species such as Butterfly Monitoring Scheme and Breeding Bird Survey. Aspects of physical environment and biodiversity is under the watch of three major schemes.The
Forestry, manufacturing, agriculture and urbanization among others contribute enormously to growth and development of a nation. These major contributors of economy have significant impact on the natural systems. The maintenance of the pristine ecosystems has been affected by the growth of population which has led to increase in demand for goods. There has been a conflict between the economic development and conservation of the pristine ecosystems so as to sustain wildlife populations. The cost of industrial pollution and maintenance of integrity of environment should be a critical factor in the running of the economy (Drewitt, (2005)
Species found in Beinn Eighe
The site has an outstanding scenery and wildlife. It has various plant and animal species which makes the site very fantastic. According to the Beinn Eighe manager concerning the wildlife highlights of the site, the reserve is home for rare plant and animal species. Some of animal species are pine marten, Scottish crossbill, white tailed sea eagle, golden eagle mountain hare and ptarmigan. Some of the major plant species found in the site are scots fine, hard fern, alder, butterwort, willow, heath rush, holly, rowan, birch, cowberry, heather and boggy plants such as asphodel and wispy seeds. As the most distinguished botanic site, the reserve ahs higher plants such as saxifrage dwarf juniper and marsh club moss among others.