This was counteracted by many critics for having called for a Minister for Youth to co-ordinate better the disparate activities of various arms of government, while others argued for a more holistic approach to the study of youth to be made by academic researchers, policy makers and practitioners (Jones & Wallace, 1992). The academic study of youth certainly has mirrored state policy in its uncoordinated and "atomistic" approach, with separate branches of the social sciences focusing on different facets of young people's lives. The problems of youth were highlighted, while social work focused on the issue of child protection and caring for children. The social inequalities of educational attainment and the problems of transition from school to work were dominated under the reign of New Labour Government.
Compared to the nebulous concept of youth, the Government find it easier to mould the social policy pertinent to the study of welfare and welfare systems and the ways in which systems of welfare do, or do not, meet human needs. Although the discipline of social policy to the New Labour Government proved to be an applied social science where they felt the need to draw upon youth sociology in the context of addressing youth welfare issues, but the New Labour Reforms in context with the Youth Justice System lacked the approach which their predecessors adopted. It is for this reason why the New Labour has been tugged into critical controversial issues that otherwise had not been associated with them.
Youth Education vs. Offending in Crimes
While initiating the persuasion of 'statist/anti-statist' strategy, Criminal Justice Bills were restructured in order to strengthen the power of the state for intense intervention and that was achieved by the New Labour by tending the Bills downward toward the powerless. The powerful laws were not even moved from their place or ever scrutinised. This downward gaze was pursued in two ways. First, the New Labour continued to consolidate Howard's policies in a range of areas like that of the Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 that was introduced by Howard was successfully implemented by Straw in December 1999. This act severely discouraged youth offending and allowed mandatory life sentences for young offenders who were charged for a sexual or violent crime the second time. Those youngsters who are convicted in trafficking of class 'A' drugs are subjected to seven-year imprisonment (Sim, 2000).
There are many typical experiences of students who despite populating degrees in Britain indulge in the struggle to obtain a full-time degree alongside part-time jobs and domestic responsibilities. New Labour not even bothered about that factor that along with the white students were some (African Caribbean and Asian) exceptions. The policies took a few years for these 'failures' of the schooling system to pick up courage and find out about appropriate courses which might accept them (Vincent, 2003, p. 69).
Most of the British political discourses between interest groups, political and economic leaders, and the people crucially concerned parents