StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Population and Development - Essay Example

Most of that growth is believed to occur in developing nations. An eventual world population of 8-12 billion is expected by the end of the century, though estimates change frequently. Of the present 6 billion people worldwide, about half live in poverty and at least one fifth are severely undernourished. The rest live out their lives in comparative comfort and health (Kendall and Pimentel, 1994,p.200).
Malthus presented his well-known theory of population in 1798, which stated that whereas population grew in geometrical progression, food resources increased in arithmetical progression. Because of this, Malthus said, it was necessary to control population growth through 'preventive checks', which included moral restraint, late marriages etc. Malthus warned that if this was not done, then nature would apply its own crude methods (called 'positive checks' by Malthus) to reduce population from its higher level. These positive checks included epidemics, floods, earthquakes, droughts and other natural calamities. The theory presented by Malthus had created an alarm during his own lifetime. But later day economists criticized him sharply and called him false prophet', arguing that food produce no longer increased in arithmetical progression, as Malthus had claimed, since agricultural output could now be increased to any level, with the help of scientific methods of cultivation and modern technology. These economists, also, said that the use of contraceptives in modern times had made it possible to check population growth effectively. The 'preventive checks' and 'positive checks' introduced by Malthus had, therefore, now become irrelevant and obsolete, these economists argue (Pimentel et al, 1996, p.1-10)

A more modern and scientific theory of population, known as the optimum theory of population had received considerable appreciation from the present-day economists. It stated that, for every country, there was a certain optimum level of population, which, at a given point of time, was required to exploit and use its resources in the best possible manner. If the population were below the optimum level, the resources of the country would remain partly unexploited and unutilised. On the contrary, if the population was above the optimum level, a certain percentage, of the country's population was likely to remain unemployed. This theory was more realistic, since it took into consideration both the relevant factors namely a country's population and its resources. Moreover, it rightly acknowledged that neither a higher population was always a curse nor a lower population was always a blessing (Pimentel et al, 1994, p.350)

However, almost two centuries after Malthus, we presently find ourselves in a demographically divided world, one where national projections of population growth vary more widely than at any time in history. In some countries, population has stabilized or is declining; but in others, population is projected to double or even triple before stabilizing. In 32 countries, containing 14 percent of world population, population growth has stopped. By contrast, Ethiopia's population of 62 million is projected to more than triple to 213 million in 2050. Pakistan will go from 148 million to 357 million, surpassing the U.S. ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Population and Development Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/sociology/290564-population-and-development
(Population and Development Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
https://studentshare.net/sociology/290564-population-and-development.
“Population and Development Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/290564-population-and-development.
  • Cited: 0 times

Summary

A critical look at the world population growth over the past two centuries certainly would astound anybody, and quite possibly alarm any mind. The global population reached one billion in 1804. In 1927, some 123 years later, it passed two billion. Sixty years later, in 1987, the world population was five billion, and 12 years later, in October 1999; it is estimated to have passed six billion (Cohen, 1995 p.10)…
Author : ozellaskiles
Download 1
Population and Development
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Population and Development"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Career development special population
According to Abalos et al. (2006), these reasons include but not limited to sophisticated career trajectories, for instance workforce inequality, employment patterns that are broken and part-time employment (p. 159). This paper takes a look at the career development of adult women and the possible responses towards the issues associated with development of their career.
4 pages (1000 words) Research Paper
Career development special population. mine is Career Counseling in College
There is need for counselors to consider the specific needs of this group of women even as they offer their career counseling advice to ensure that single moms are in a better position to juggle between their work and home based responsibilities. This paper discusses main things to consider when offering career counsel to single mothers.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Population Geography
The dependent youth population is variously accepted to be those belonging to the age group 0 to 14 years where it is assumed that no employment or independent sources of income exist. Globally the working and active population is assumed to fall between the ages 15 to 64 years.Therefore,the youth dependency ratio is defined as the ratio of the number of people aged 0 to 14 years to the number aged 15 to 64 years.
15 pages (3750 words) Essay
Country Analysis of Iceland: Population, Resources and Development
Because the territory of Iceland is quite extensive, while its population is small, the population density is just 2.8 meaning there are roughly about 3 inhabitants per square kilometer. This is very low compared to the rest of the countries under the European Union where the average population density is about 116 individuals per square kilometer.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Role of land use planning in judicious distribution of population, housing, and infrastructure and orderly development of the built environment
s the role of land use planning in the judicious distribution of population, housing, and infrastructure and orderly development of the built environment. It aims at enhancing awareness of the role of land use planning, its use, misuse and application of land use in the orderly
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Population
The projections for the production, consumption, trade and prices for some agricultural productions are the ones that reflect some assumptions used to
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Population
The demographic transition model explains how the population has been changing over the years. The population crude birth rate (CBR) and crude death rate (CDR) varies country to country at any given
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Why have Turkey's leaders found it hard to accomodate the aspirations of many of the Kurdish population. Has there been Significant development on this since 1970
s to attain official recognition of their ethnic identity, political representation, and freedom have persistently been tarnished by bloodshed and coercion. Without a doubt, the multifaceted and conflicting approaches to the Kurdish issue have hampered progress and slowed down
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
What are the key causes and effects of world population growth
The number of population in the whole world is defined mostly by the birth and death rates. There are different reasons and effects of world population growth. However, the main concern of the countries is that the growth rate
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Population control in India
The situation has created an enormous gap between the rich and the poor, a factor that is not healthy for a country. Hence, the concept of population control is inevitable as far as India’s future economic betterment
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Population and Development for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us