The two words are often used interchangeably with convenience and people hardly know the right context in which they must be used. They are often thought to be similar concepts. The word "sex" can be used when a person wants to refer to only the biological differences that exist between man and woman. Sexual differences between males and females are universal. On the other hand, the word "gender" is used when a person wants to express the social differences between man and woman. 2In our essay, we are focusing on the social differences between man and woman and how they are expected to behave, look, and feel like their own gender rather perform atypical gender roles. Gender is a much more complicated thing to understand and it is a behaviour which is learned and changed with time. It changes from culture to culture.
Gender roles is composed of several elements, be it be one's dressing, his behaviour pattern, their choice of career or work life how they go about when it comes to personal relationships, and many other factors. Gender roles can be exhibited by as small a thing as the way a message is composed in an SMS (short message service).
In the old ages, gender roles were very specific and there was a sharp line between what men will do, think and feel like and how women are supposed to do these things. But since then and now, a vast difference has come because times are changing and the mind set of the people is expanding to allow acceptance for flexibility of gender roles. Nowadays, the strictly defined gender roles of the past have been re defined to reflect some wider acceptable gender roles of males and females. 3
People have unique ways of expressing their gender roles. Moreover, the gender role terminology is highly dependent on what culture, country, society and era it belongs to. Gender roles might be given or typical depending on the context in which they are being studied.4
COMPARISON OF THE TWO GENDER ROLES
Given gender roles are ones which are expected out of men and women to exhibit and on which no eye brows will be raised, no controversy will start, no criticisms will be thrown and people will find it normal and natural. On the other hand, atypical gender roles are simply those gender roles which are not typical. They ignite criticisms from others and people will not take it normally. They are always the basis of a series of thinking that starts within people and they are then discussed amongst people. 5
Let us compare the two gender roles. For example, a given gender role has become since time immemorial that only women can be nurses, but nowadays the trend is changing and the number of male nurses in the field has increased. A male coming into the nursing career is an atypical gender role.
Moreover, another given gender role when it comes to relationships and a typical behaviour in society is, when it is expected that the man pays for 'date' only. The woman is never expected to pay because it shows gentleman like nature and courtesy of the man if he pays. But atypical gender role is when a woman pays for the date or dinner that has happened.
Another comparison of a given and atypical gender role is when women are expected to take care of the children while men are expected to go out of the house, do a job and take care of the finances of the house. This is the biggest