The most plentiful age groups are the 5-year group born in the years 1946-51 (the post-World War II baby boom); the baby boom born a generation later in 1961-66 (the largest group of all); and a more modest boom a generation after that, born in 1986-91. The 1946-51 group reaches retirement age from 2006 onwards (women from 2006 and men from 2011), The age groups are not evenly distributed around the country, with some areas having many young adults and children and some areas having large numbers of older people (Demographic of the UK, 2005).
The United Kingdom has a high literacy rate of 99%. This is due to the universal public education introduced for the primary level in 1870 and secondary level in 1900 (except in Scotland where it was introduced in 1696). Education is mandatory amongst ages 5 through 16. About one-fifth of British students continue on to post-secondary education (18+) (Demographic of the UK, 2005)
The British society is divided into three main groups of classes - the Upper Class, the Middle Class, and the Lower or Working Class. Multiculturalism and a changing economy are slowly diminishing the British class system, although features of the system remain. The Upper Classes consist of people with inherited wealth, and includes some of the oldest families, with many of them being titled aristocrats. The Middle Classes are the majority and the working classes are those who work in agriculture, mine, or factory (Social Class, 1999).
In 2000 survey, 60 per cent of the population claimed to belong to a specific religion with 55 per cent being Christian. However, half of all adults aged 18 and over, who belonged to a religion have never attended a religious service. The report also found out that 48% of people in the UK claim to belong to a religion, compared with 92% of Italians (Crabtree, 2003). The traditional religion in the United Kingdom is Christianity. In England the established church is the Church of England (Anglican) whilst in Scotland it is the Church of Scotland (a Presbyterian Church) Christians comprises 71.6% of the religious groups, Muslims 2.7 %, Hindu 1.0%, Sikh 0.6%, Jewish 0.5 %, Buddhist 0.3%, others 0.3%, and non stated 7.3% (Demographic of the UK, 2005).
Italy's greatest asset is its people: the