StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Classical and Structural Realism - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Classical and Structural Realism

The study of international relations has been considered as a complex phenomenon. This does not necessarily mean that it is beyond understanding. The way states tend to act has been thoroughly studied and one of the prominent approaches is termed as Realism. This serves as one of the versions of the "script" states are supposed to follow. Within this approach, two schools of thought have evolved. The first, Classical Realism, served as the precursor to the second school of thought - Structural Realism.
This paper aims to discuss and analyze Classical and Structural Realism. It compares and contrasts these two branches of Realism. With the use of relevant examples and appropriate analysis, it is hoped that the differences and similarities between the two can be thoroughly discussed. In this analysis, the US behavior was used as a model due to the fact that it is the world's lone superpower and is thus the main actor in the play called international relations.
Before discussing Classical and Structural Realism, it is appropriate and proper to first define what Realism is. This approach provides a rational and realistic view of how international affairs are acted. It is based on the way things are done and not on the way things should be done. The way it views the world's international affairs utilizes that of a scientific method - based on facts and not in abstract ideas, based on the analysis of the causes and consequences of the events. It is logical and not imaginary. Machiavelli captured the essence of Realism with the following statement (Machiavelli, 1515):
"But since my intention is to say something that will prove of practical use to the inquirer, I have thought it proper to represent things as they are in real truth, rather than as they are imagined. Many have dreamed up republics and principalities which have never in truth been known to exist; the gulf between how one should live and how one does live is so wide that a man who neglects what is actually done for what should be done learns the way to self-destruction rather than self-preservation. The fact is that a man who wants to act virtuously in every way necessarily comes to grief among so many who are not virtuous. Therefore if a prince wants to maintain his rule he must learn how not to be virtuous, and make use of this or not according to need."
An example of an international event that is viewed as using the "imaginary" and "utopian" approach is that of the Kellogg -Briand Pact which outlawed any more wars (Kellogg and Briand, 1928). This was a consequence of the bitter experience of World War I. The proponents unrealistically assumed that war would never happen again and that the signatories would comply with what they have agreed upon.
An example of a realistic view was provided by Waltz when he viewed the spread of nuclear weapons in a positive light. His contention was that the spread of such weapons actually ensures that countries can co-exist peacefully because they know the horrific damage that can be inflicted on them. Rogue leaders, in fact, are tamed with the knowledge that their regimes can be destroyed any time. (Hollander, 2000)
Realism had its roots in Thucydides (5th century BC) when he commented on the Peloponnesian War stating that the real reason why Sparta and Athens collided was because of Sparta's fear of ...Show more

Summary

The world is a theater where events are played. In it, we see nations acting out their roles - the major powers as the lead cast with the remaining states in the backdrop. It is the stage where we can observe the saga of human polity. It is where we can observe the drama, tragedy and even comedy of state interaction.
Author : gaetanozulauf
Classical and Structural Realism essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Classical and Structural Realism"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Comparative Evaluation of Classical Realism and Classical Liberalism
Classical liberalism is another concept of the political thought that involves focusing on the freedom that an individual needs to receive more importantly than the powers of the concerned state to which the individual belongs to. The current study focuses on a comparative learning on the concepts of classical realism and classical liberalism as well as has an understanding on the influences that these concepts have on the world and its politics internationally.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Differences between Realism and Neo-realism
Differences between Realism and Neo-realism. Realism and neo-realism are theories of international relations; a theory is a thought that might be tested. Scientists define a theory as not simply a speculation, but a fact-based outline that describes certain incidences.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Hans Morgenthau and Kenneth Waltz
The attempt to understand the behaviour of states in international politics has been based on the common pillar of politics, which is the struggle for power. Realism theories can be traced back to Thucydides and ancient Greek during the Peloponnesian war in 5th century BC, however, the study of the theory came about 2500 years later.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Realism
Many scholars have attempted to create schemes classifying the different branches and threads of realist thought that have emerged, while others have introduced a wealth of new terminology. In this paper we therefore discuss some of the theories of realism with a critical examination into the views of Morgenthau, Waltz, Mearsheimer etc1.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Classical Realism
It may be asserted that Carver's genius for forging meaning out of usual chaos of otherwise meaningless and directionless lives is a literary capacity that brought him to become characterized as one of the most influential short story writers in the United States during the 20th century.1
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Classical and Structural Realism
The world is a theater where events are played. In it, we see nations acting out their roles - the major powers as the lead cast with the remaining states in the backdrop. It is the stage where we can observe the saga of human polity. It is where we can observe the drama, tragedy and even comedy of state interaction.
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
What are the main differences between classical(or historical) realism and structural realism in the theory of International Relations Why are those differences relevant to the study of global politics
However in the 20th and 21st centuries, Realism and has experienced a major setback as a result of the increasing amounts of economic warfare as well as the impact of globalization. This has made
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Classical Realism
Realism is an international relations theory that the world politics is largely driven by the competitive self-interests of each nation. Realism therefore outlines both the conflicting as well as competitive side of the international politics. In its purest form, realist ideology suggests that stakeholders in the international arena are the States which have interests.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Classical Realism, Neo Liberalism and Constructivism
The theory of international relations entails a course of varied lines of thought explaining the context and processes in which international systems work. The course of each of the theories is evidently backed with evidence accordingly. In this evaluation, the desertion evaluates the theories of classical realism, neoliberalism and constructivism.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Neorealism and Classical Realism
Morgenthau’s theory of classical realism was supper ceded by Kenneth Waltz’ concept of neorealism. The study therefore compares and contrasts the various aspects of Neorealism and classical realism with an aim of determining whether Neorealism is superior. The discussion challenges the existing conventional wisdom and body of knowledge.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation