On the average offenders are required to report once a week. Aside from reporting to their probation officers, offenders may have certain criteria they must meet and accomplish as a condition f probation. Some of the conditions may be a requirement for employment, school, or community service hours. These conditions must be met to satisfy the sanction, if they are not met the offender would be in violation and sent to jail or prison.
Probation and parole are the primary alternatives to jails and prisons while there are many similarities between these two systems there are a few obvious differences. One difference is evident in their definitions. Probation is defined as "releasing the convicted offenders into the community under a conditional suspended sentence, avoiding imprisonment, showing good behaviour under the supervision f a probation officer" (Black, 1990:1202 cited in Champion, 2005, p. 131). Parole is defined as "the conditional release of a prisoner from (either prison or jail) under supervision after a portion of the sentence has been served (McKean and Raphael, 2002 cited in Champion, 2005, p. 286). ...
The concept of Shock Probation is almost identical in nature to the parole system except Shock Probation sentences the offender to jail not prison. Also, when the offender is sentenced he is led to believe that he is going to serve his entire sentence in jail. Another difference is that probation is usually only available to those who have committed minor offences while parole is reserved for more serious offences. Also, the parolees may be subject to more rigid rules to follow while under supervision than probationers and they must abide by these rules in order to avoid being sent back to prison.
High rates of criminal activities unfortunately are an essential feature f modern urban life in most countries. The conditions of living, psychological and social issues evolving in cities often favour deviating, criminal behaviour. Situations, with this kind of behaviour becomes even a socially accepted norm within a given community, are met, unfortunately, quite often.
The Police are and always will be the first line f defence when tackling crime Whilst there are many forms of policing available to them including foot and mobile patrols along with community Policing with high presence/visibility, McNamara argues that only a multi disciplinary partnership can succeed against crime with residents being the foundation of any fight that tackles the problems of society. Therefore In order to understand the question we have to examine some of the evidence that is documented with regard to community crime initiatives that have worked in a multi partnership. These partnerships have involved the police, residents and the voluntary and private sector and it is not