Crime Prevention

Masters
Book Report/Review
Sociology
Pages 16 (4016 words)
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The study examines in detail the issues associated with effective operation of Closed Circuit Television Camera (CCTV) systems. Gill and colleagues clearly state the major purpose of their study, namely: "to measure the impact of the CCTV project on crime and fear of crime" (p…

Introduction

Firstly, the report represents a major advance in our knowledge about CCTV, especially if consider absence of previous research exploring the issue so comprehensively. Secondly, the study offers a number of valuable implications for CCTV projects: it helps understand the different aims of CCTV, and the mechanisms by which those aims can be realised; it helps formulate a theory of how CCTV should operate to ensure the highest effectiveness, and a hypothesis for the evaluation of CCTV effectiveness.
The authors do not postulate a hypothesis to be tested, but it can hardly be considered a drawback. The report evaluates 14 projects implemented in different urban contexts, and it is difficult, if possible, to formulate a common hypothesis to fit all the cases. However, the implicit hypothesis underlying the study may be the assumption that CCTV could be effective in tackling crime and fear of crime under certain conditions. The measurements and evaluation performed using different tools help the authors test this assumption.
The introductory section of the study includes a solid review of relevant literature. The authors list the most credible research in the field and identify gaps in the existing body of knowledge in order to justify the need for their own efforts. The review is divided into several sections and effectively provides the background for the study with reference to the formulated objectives. ...
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Firstly, the report represents a major advance in our knowledge about CCTV, especially if consider absence of previous research exploring the issue so comprehensively. Secondly, the study offers a number of valuable implications for CCTV projects: it helps understand the different aims of CCTV, and the mechanisms by which those aims can be realised; it helps formulate a theory of how CCTV should…