Family risk factors are predictors of offending

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Sociology
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Research offers a wide range of factors that are associated with the development of disruptive behaviour. Offending can be attributed to four kinds of risk and protective factors: individual risk factors, family risk factors, peer risk factors, and school risk factors, and community risk factors…

Introduction

Research offers a wide range of factors that are associated with the development of disruptive behaviour. Offending can be attributed to four kinds of risk and protective factors: individual risk factors, family risk factors, peer risk factors, and school risk factors, and community risk factors. However, the signs that a child is heading toward offending varies from child to child and usually a result of combination of many factors (University of Pittsburg, 2002).The prevalence of one or more risk factors in a child's life is not always the best predictor of outcomes and children vary in terms of how they respond to risk. Risk factors are context-dependent and vary over time and with different circumstances. Where a combination of risk factors exist, a poor outcomes for the children is increased (McCarthy, 2004). For example, poor parenting is a risk factor, but when coupled with a child's poor academic performance in a school where rules of conduct are laidback and teachers are dissatisfied, the chances of the child actually committing a crime increases (University of Pittsburg, 2002).The predictors of offending varies according to age group. For children aged between 6 and 11, committing an offence appears to be the best predictor of future delinquent behaviour; the strongest predictors for children aged 12 to 14 are a lack of social ties and association with antisocial peers (McCarthy, 2004). Risk and protective factors changes over time. ...
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