The sale of goods within the UK is legally governed and directed by the Sale of Goods Act 1979 which has been further amended by the Sale and Supply of Goods Act 1994 and the sale of Goods and Amendment Act 1995. The Acts specify the duties of the seller and the buyer as the seller is legally bound to deliver the goods, the buyer has to accept and pay for them according to terms of the contract. As the seller should be ready to give possession of the goods to the buyer, the buyer is legally responsible to pay for the goods to take possession of them. These are fundamental duties of the seller and buyer and if one party fails to maintain terms of contract another can sue for damages and cancel the contract. The Sale of Goods Act 1979 has undergone several amendments and changes since its introduction and has become more and more consumer-focused to uphold the quality of goods and buyer rights . ...
If the buyer gives the purpose of the purchase, the goods should fit the purpose
If sample are shown to consumer before selling of the specified goods, then the goods should conform or be similar to the sample shown
These are the terms and conditions of the contract and both the seller and the buyer have obligations to maintain these terms of contract5. Any breach of contract can entitle the purchaser to reject the goods and seek reimbursement on the purchase price or even claim damages by taking legal action6.
Thus the Act specifies the fact that all traders must sell goods that are as described and shown to the consumer and they should also be of satisfactory quality. If the products do not meet the requirements of the consumer, then the consumer can reject them and claim reimbursement and money back on the goods and they have to do this quickly. The Sale of Goods Act has recently had another amendment and is specified in the Sale and Supply of Goods to Consumers Regulations 20027. This amendment of the Goods Act has definitely given many benefits to the consumers8.
The duties of the sellers and the buyers are distinct and the measures available to the buyer in case the seller fails to maintain the terms of contract can also be given9.
Duties for sellers -
Sellers should give possession of goods to the buyers on the completion of purchase and provide goods in accordance with the needs of the consumer maintaining the terms of the contract
Sellers should deliver the goods at a reasonable time and convenient place or at a specified time and place given in the contract
Sellers should sell goods only of satisfactory quality which will suit the purpose it is intended for
Sellers should sell goods that are in conformity