Such a dramatic increase in the elderly population presents an immediate challenge to social work, which must prepare for the problems inherent in caring for an older population. The social work profession must be able to confront the issues that have arisen because of the dramatic increases to longevity accomplished in the 20th century, and social workers must be ready to meet the distinctive needs of the country's rapidly expanding aging population. The increase in the number of elderly necessitates an increase in the number of social workers equipped to deal with the specific challenges of the elderly. However, at this point, those social workers currently working in the field note that there is a desperate shortage in the number of social workers who have the specialized knowledge and skills required to care for the elderly population. (Lamb, 178-9)
In this context it becomes relevant to point that one has to place the concept of social division of welfare into its particular context. The question in this context that to what extent does the social division of welfare (Titmuss 1958, Rose 1981) continue to provide both a useful descriptive model and analytical tool for explaining gendered inequalities among the retired population It has clearly two distinctive features, the aspect of social welfare and the aspect of gendered inequalities. ...
Titmuss and Rose are moments of theorization in a rich corpus of work. The tools of analysis that used by Titmuss has become slightly outdated still one has to reach out to the paths opened out by them.
A social welfare provision refers to any government program and which also seeks to provide a minimum level of income, service or other support for disadvantaged peoples such as the poor, elderly, disabled, students, unpaid workers such as mothers and other caregivers, and minority groups. Social welfare payments and services are typically provided free of charge or at a nominal fee, and are funded by the state, or by compulsory enrolment of the poor themselves. Examples of social welfare services include the following:
There are also Compulsory superannuation savings programs.
It provides Compulsory social insurance programs, often based on income, to pay for the social welfare service being provided. These are often incorporated into the taxation system and may be inseparable from income tax.
Pensions or other financial aid, including social security and tax relief, to those with low incomes or inability to meet basic living costs, especially those who are raising children, elderly, unemployed, injured, sick or disabled.
Free or low cost nursing, medical and hospital care for those who are sick, injured or unable to care for themselves. This may also include free antenatal and postnatal care. Services may be provided in the community or a medical facility.
This provides Free or low cost public education for all children, and financial aid, sometimes as a scholarship or pension, sometimes in the form of a suspensor loan, to