'Social suffering' takes in the human cost of war, famine, depression, disease, torture--the whole assemblage of human problems that result from what political, economic, and institutional power does to people--and also human responses to social problems as they are influenced by those forms of power. In the same way that the notion of social suffering breaks down boundaries between specific scholarly disciplines, this cross-disciplinary investigation allows man to see the twentieth century in a new frame, with new emphases (Kleimman et al, 1997). Today, the forces of globalisation have further resulted in various form of social suffering amongst poor countries. For example in Bangladesh, the problems of landlessness, impoverishment and rural out-migration are compounded by environmental hazards and environmental degradation caused by economic development activities (Globalization, n.d.). Although social suffering could be brought about by circumstances beyond the control of man, sad to say, many social sufferings are caused by the fault of man. War, genocide, and environmental exploitation are just a few examples of man-made social sufferings.
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Social sufferings due to war
When it comes to war, the World War II is the most deadly in human history. It was the first time that a number of newly developed technologies, including nuclear weapons, were used against either military or civilian targets. World War II resulted death of more than 60 million people, which is over 3% of the world population at that time. Additionally, many millions more received serious and permanently crippling injuries, such as multiple loss of limbs due to enemy gunfire, bomb or artillery explosions, inhumane experiments, and nuclear fallout. It is estimated to have cost more money and resources than all other wars combined: about 1 trillion US dollars in 1945 (World War II, 2005).
Another example of social suffering, the most horrible one, is the Holocaust. Holocaust is the state-sponsored persecution and genocide of various ethnic, religious and political groups during World War II by Nazi Germany and its collaborators. Early elements of the Holocaust include the Kristallnacht program and the T-4 Euthanasia Program, progressing to the later use of killing squads and extermination camps in a massive and centrally organised effort to murder every possible member of the populations targeted by the Nazis (Holocaust, 2005). The Jews of Europe were the main victims of the Holocaust in what the Nazis called the 'Final Solution of the Jewish Question'. The commonly used figure for the number of Jewish victims is six million, so much so that the phrase "six million" is now almost universally interpreted as referring to the Jewish victims of the Holocaust, though mainstream estimates by historians of the exact number range from five million to over six million (Holocaust, 2005).
In addition to the Jews, the Roma and Sinti were targets of the Holocaust; about 220,000 Sinti and Roma died in the Holocaust (some estimates are as high as 800,000), between a quarter to a half of the European population. Other groups deemed "undesirable",