A more fundamental issue concerns personal and social recognition. Often individuals are considered "statistics" and lose their capability to express their opinions, defend their rights or have the ability to live in safety. Thus, the issue of social exclusion has become a major priority in social development.
According to The Poverty Site1, all group ages can be victims of social exclusion but the youth and elderly are among the most vulnerable. Thus, when efforts were launched in 2000, most efforts concentrated on alleviating the conditions that were challenging children and the elderly ("Key Facts", 2006). However this is not to diminish the fact that social exclusion can be a significant concern among adults as well. A key development in recent years has also been in part due to increase in immigration from non-English speaking countries to the UK (Lang & Wilkinson).
From the data from the site, most key indicators of the issue have remained steady. Efforts in controlling immigration and the responsiveness of socialized programs have been effective in addressing most of the concerns initially raised. However, as in Appendix A and B, some indicators have either remained as a concern or have become one. These indicators are summarized in Table 1.
According to the study, community indicators are the one that needs the most focus ("Indicators", 2006). There is still no observed greater satisfaction regarding local settings or level of mortgage arrears. While housing benefits remain to be viewed as inadequate. The most notable concern is regarding overcrowding which may indicate population due to the lack of resources in surrounding areas ("Executive Summary of Indicators", 2006).
The next sets of indicators of concern are those that involve young adults, adults aged twenty five to retirement and older people ("Indicators", 2006). Among young adults, there has been greater unemployment and decrease in skills and qualification attainment. The issue has become concern primarily because of its implication regarding a developing trend that can stress social services in the future. For adults aged twenty five to retirement, who make the bulk of the work force, there has still been no conclusive success in decreasing the number of workless households with poverty rate remaining at 19% ("Executive Summary of Indicators", 2006). Another pressing concern is the increasing number of diagnosed obese individuals. The urgency of addressing these indicators is also because of the stress for social services as well as because of considered with the development among young adults, the group becomes even more important in maintaining labor levels.
Though programs have been most successful in with those the concerned children, there has been an increase in the statistics of young offenders ("Indicators", 2006). The concern has been not only in the incidence of the offenses but also because of their gravity. Studies indicate that these developments are in part because of greater social and economic pressures however it may also be because of greater awareness for the need for intervention among juvenile offenders or greater access to programs for them (Tarolla et al, 2006).
On a more general level, The Poverty Site has