The civil war was fought between the Hutu regime with support from Francophone nations of Africa and France. The RFP with support from Uganda vastly escalated the ethnic tensions in the country which led to the rise of the Hutu power. An ideology which stated that the Tutsi tribe intended to enslave the Hutus was spread and resistance at any cost by the Hutus was advocated for (Linda, 2004).
There existed a great ethnic tension which included displacement of large number of people from the Hutu community in the north by rebels. A periodic localized ethnic cleansing of the Tutsi community to the south was carried out .Pressure on the government of Juvenal Habyarimana resulted to a cease fire in the year 1993 and there was implementation of the Arusha Accord (Allport, 2004).
The genocide plan had been premeditated since the year 1957 when the Hutu Emancipation movement known as Parehutu published a manifesto called Behutu.The manifesto reported on power monopoly by the Tutsi community which was a minority ethnic group in the country. ...
Assassination of the president in the year 1994 on April was the proximate cause that triggered the mass killing of the Tutsi and the pro-peace Hutus. This was primarily carried out by Hutu militias who were affiliated to two political parties namely the Interhamwe and the Impuzamugambi.The genocide was ordered and directed by a Hutu power group known as the Akuza.The killing meant an end to the peace agreement where the Tutsi RFP were forced to re-engaged in their offence and eventually defeated the army and seized the countries power (Linda, 2004).
SOCIAL CATEGORIZATION THEORY
The social categorization theory was formed by Henry Tajfel and John Turner to understand the psychological basis of inter-group discrimination that exists mostly between ethnic groups .It is composed of four elements which include: Categorization, Identification, comparison and Psychological distinctiveness (Allport, 1924).
It is a diffuse theory but an inter related group of social psychological theories which tries to understand why people identifies and behave themselves as a part of a social group with adoption of similar attitudes towards outsiders .It also seeks to understand why encounter between individuals evolves as encounters between members of a group. It is concerned with social identity theory on psychological and sociological aspects of group behavior (Allport, 1924).
In this theory each individual has both social and personal identity. Identity will vary from social context Social behavior exists on a spectrum purely interpersonal and inter-group. Where personal identity is salient the individual will relate to others in an interpersonal manner through character traits and personal relationships. In some cases