The following figure presents the factors that affect health & safety of the natives of a city.
The Infrastructure & Transport facilities in the city should be deployed in such a way that the most affluent as well as the most deprived citizens are able to avail the services available as per their socio-economic status. The focus on health and safety is required not only in planning & deployment of Infrastructure & Transport services but also in their maintenance especially when the condition of the components of the infrastructure starts deteriorating due to ageing or environmental impacts. The assessment of impact on health & safety due to day to day operating practices of Infrastructure facilities is not an easy task. It requires lot of analysis, focused approach, technology expertise, knowledge of weather & environment and foresight to arrive at accurate conclusions about the projected impacts on the health & safety of the citizens. The assessors need to have excellent eye for detail and practice "think out of the box" strategy. [NHS London Healthy Urban Development Unit. 2007]
The author hereby emphasizes upon socio-economic status of the citizens in addition to their physical health & safety and presents this dissertation pertaining to a critical review of the process of planning and deployment of Infrastructure Facilities & Transport keeping in view the social & economic safety, physical health, mental health, and physical safety of the natives of an urban belt.
The NHS London Healthy Urban Development Unit (2007) recommends the following as high level requirements of ensuring healthier community in the city of London:
Good Quality and Affordable Housing
Fast, Economic and Safe transport system
Employment and Skills Development
Good Quality Education
Access to essential services - Schools, Hospitals, Shopping Complexes, Community Centers, Workplace, Police Station, Fire Station, Entertainment Centers, Parks & Open Spaces, etc.
Community Safety from hazards, accidents and crime
Liveability, Open Space and Social engagement areas/zones
High quality Air, Water and Food
Control on Noise and Environment Pollution
Adjustment against change of climate
In this context, the NHS documentation possesses the following policies that are