2008). Also, the social existence in the background of complex societal situations as defined by the divergent and reciprocally conflicting theories of Capitalism, Marxism etc has resulted in the new social patterns. In this new situation, the large scale, macro-sociological, and structural sociological theories that were developed by Marx, Durkheim, Weber, and Parsons and the functional school, have great implications in determining the new models of social class. Most conspicuously, such theories that affect the modern class divisions are the results of the great efforts by theorists and thinkers of the latter half of the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries in Europe. "These theories were developed by European social theorists who were attempting to understand the new social world of a modern, industrial, urban society. These classical theories established sociology as an academic discipline, their definition of the social world established the scope of sociological study, and their methodologies determined how sociology would be studied and applied." (Micro Approaches and Simmel. 2002).The importance of such classical theories in connection to the class division is that they explore the various levels of political and state intervention and actions which affect the modern classification of social classes and those social situations which determine the mobility of the various social classes within society. Thus, in their most significant contribution to the sociological studies, these social theories assist us in analyzing the political and state actions which result in the class divisions in the modern society as well as the mobility of the different classes within the society and across social classes. In this paper, the central focus has been an analysis of this process based on the theories of modern class divisions.
In the comprehension of the social classification of the humanity among diverse social classes, the contribution of the theories such as capitalism, Marxism, modernization, internationalism, democracy, autocracy, and others have been significant. In a momentous note of the modern sociological perspectives, we understand that the time perspectives of sociology have changed tremendously. "Just as its substantive concerns once again became a little more historical, in a partial reversal of what the great historical sociologist, Norbert Elias (1897-1990) attacked in 1983 as "The Retreat of Sociologists into the Present" - in other words, their excessive concentration on contemporary social phenomena, so its sense of its own past shifted." (Andersen and Kaspersen 2000, P.7). In this background do we understand the social classes of the modern world Let us also be clear that the mobilization of the social classes across the various groups have been greatly affected by the political and state actions. Therefore, the political actions of a society which runs in the background of democratic set up is varied from that of a society in the autocratic mode and these differ greatly in their effect on the class distinction