Welfare state as a political and economic ideology has a long historical background, but in the second half of the 20th century the system of welfare state was developed in some countries including Great Britain. Welfare state has two main components: economic and social. After the World War II British economic and social system had to be reformed, and the government began to take appropriate measures to improve the situation. Full employment and NHS reforming were one of the most important measures of the government, and it seemed that the economic and social situation of the country won't be in regress: "By the late 1940s near full employment was being facilitated by the boom in the international economy (with the period from 1950 to 1973 later dubbed the Golden Age) (MSN Encarta)". At first the situation was rather good, but later welfare state politics led to economic and social crisis. The Welfare gave more security to all people as did the NHS, but was the welfare state all to the good or did it create a society members of which were in competition with each other The welfare state made many working places and paid large pensions and money allowances, but this situation resulted in social and economic passivity, lack of initiative and consumerism. Welfare state also led to social and mental conflict of generations: the teens of the fifties wanted their own identities whilst their parents wanted vacuum cleaners, washing machines etc.
In particular it considers the inequalities the welfare state sought to redress,but also point out inequalities in more recent years,and the possible reasons behind these.This essay will deal with the British Welfare System and the inequalities it sought to remedy in such areas as education, employment opportunities,justice and health.
The idea of Welfare is based on the principles of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of the wealth of the society and public responsibility for citizen groups that are in some ways in need of support from the state.
When the Romans invaded the land of Britain they implemented the concept of state there. The British rulers were looking forward to the wellbeing of its subjects. Later the concept of welfare state took its root in Britain, after Germany. The welfare state in Britain was begun with the Labour party government of Clement Attlee in 1945.
To complement these needs, education, healthcare, employment and other related social concerns must be accounted for in order to enhance social welfare. The state or the government plays a fundamental role in controlling all variables that critically account for individual and social welfare.
This essay discusses that report was not as revolutionary as it first seemed because in reality, ‘It’s attractive symmetry and simplicity perhaps obscured the fact that the Beveridge plan was no more than a rationalization of the existing insurance scheme, whose gaps in coverage had frequently been exposed.’
The main analytical tools are based on the historical-institutionalist approach with an emphasis on both how the state controlled and regulated the voluntary sector through institutional adaptations, and how the voluntary sector opted to react through exit, loyalty and voice in response to state intervention.
A welfare state has enabled us to define feminism while remaining in the boundaries of welfare policies, where we can see feminist in the form of wife, sister and daughter and above all a mother. If we analyse woman in the light of sociological perspective, we would come to know the ways in which she has survived throughout the history of the welfare state in Britain, all those ways has always kept her in a limited sphere, and that sphere is the family.
The government is obliged to ensure the wellbeing of people in the welfare state. The state is required to protect its citizens from poverty, by providing unemployment benefits, family allowances, and additional income supplements for people with lower income and pensions to the elderly. It is also required to provide health care facilities.
It is clear that welfare programs, most notably that of food stamps and unemployment benefits, are beneficial for society as a whole and help individuals re-enter society’s workforce while coping with unfortunate circumstances. Individuals work hard to come off of receiving such benefits due to social, environmental and familial shame.
In order to that it is important to discuss the overview of the British system of government in general.
According to Peele, the British system of
4 pages (1000 words)Essay
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Welfare state as a political and economic ideology has a long historical background, but in the second half of the 20th century the system of welfare state was developed in some countries including Great Britain. Welfare state has two main components: economic and social…