The word AIDS is an abbreviation of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. An anagram of AIDS, SIDA, was formed for use in French and Spanish. The doctors thought 'AIDS' appropriate as people attained the condition somewhat than inherited it; as it resulted in an insufficiency within the immune system; and as it is a syndrome, with a number of demonstrations, relatively than a single disease.
The AIDS epidemic has been widely interpreted as a challenge to the institutions and the values that typify the achievements of modern Western society: science and medicine, respect for the rights and concern for the welfare of all citizens. So far, the record of our societal and institutional response has been mixed at best, possibly because AIDS came upon us in ways that tested our motives and our institutions. By emerging among groups that are largely despised and rejected, AIDS proved once again the truism that the importance of an event may be determined less by what happened than to whom it happened.
The prospect of safer representations of AIDS bodies and panicked sex requires recognizing that media images aid cultural symbols and this as Stuart Hall (1982) has commented: implies the active work of selecting and presenting, of structuring and shaping: not merely the transmitting of already-existing meaning, but the more active labor of making things mean.
In the early days of the AIDS epidemic (at a point when widespread educational efforts might have saved thousands of lives since lost), Congressman Henry Waxman of California made this point by contrasting public response to AIDS and to Legionnaire's disease: "Legionnaire's disease hit a group of predominately white, heterosexual, middle-aged members of the American Legion. The respectability of the victims brought them a degree of attention and funding for research and treatment far greater than that made available so far to the victims of Kaposi's sarcoma. I want to emphasize that contrast, because the more popular Legionnaire's disease affected fewer people and proved to be less fatal. What society judged was not the severity of the disease but the social acceptability of the individuals affected with it." (Gayle, 1987)
The first accounts of AIDS in the mainstream media emphasized its apparent link to gay men's sexuality (there were also at that time two other outsider "risk groups," IV drug users and Haitians, and the first "innocent victims," hemophiliacs). The first story on AIDS aired by NBC News appeared in June 1982, and Tom Brokaw framed the issue in a fashion that remained constant throughout much subsequent coverage: "Scientists at the National Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta today released the results of a study that shows that the lifestyle of some male homosexuals has triggered an epidemic of a rare form of cancer." (Sara, 1987).
The media alternated depictions that distanced AIDS as the fate befalling those gay men in the "fast lane" whose lifestyles have put them far outside the mainstream. Investigators also believe that AIDS is principally a phenomenon of the raunchy subculture in large cities, where bars and bathhouses are literal hotbeds of sexual promiscuity, with stories intimating that AIDS might also threaten the general population. The media's mainstream orientation was reflected in their concern over the fate of the "general population" if and when AIDS spread beyond the deviant "risk groups" in which it mostly appeared.
In a CBS News special titled, appropriately enough, "AIDS Hits Home", correspondent Bernard Goldberg unwittingly spoke this premise when he commented: "For a very long time, ...
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AIDS until now has claimed more than 25 million lives globally (Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS, 2006). Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Under this condition progressive failure of the immune system in humans allows life-threatening infections and cancers to grow.
In 1982 the term “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” was coined to describe the array of symptoms noted in individuals with AIDS. The underlying cause of the array is a depressed immune response characterized by the appearance of opportunistic infections, so-called because they are caused by organisms which do not cause disease in healthy individuals.
However, there are also CD4+cells within the central nervous system, these being the microglial cells which are of monocyte or macrophage lineage. These cells can be productively infected by HIV in vitro, and in vivo there is evidence of an HIV-induced cytopathic effect since syncytia-like, multi-nucleated cells are seen in the brains of HIV-infected individuals.
Immunodeficiency is a condition that leaves human beings susceptible to infection by the natural defect of the immune system or by viral infections like AIDS (Leksmono, 2008). In the UK, the death of a 49-year-old man in Brompton Hospital, London in 1981, due to a very weak immune system, may have been the first recorded case of HIV/AIDS.
AIDS has already taken the lives of tens of thousands. And if current estimates prove correct, it could take millions of additional lives in the near future. As deaths from this modern plague mounted and no cure was found.
The disease is defined as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a human viral disease that ravages the immune system, undermining the body's ability to defend itself from infection and disease.
The author of the essay states that HIV is the virus that causes the gradual collapse of the immune system that enables AIDS diseases such as Pneumocystis pneumonia, Kaposi’s sarcoma and a host of other conditions to affect the patient. It should be pointed out, risk behaviors for receiving HIV are unprotected sex and needle sharing among injectable drug users.
The virus originated, however, in two types of monkeys which were consumed by the chimpanzees. A hybrid of the monkey virus (SIV) spread through infected chimpanzees and a mutated form was eventually transmitted to people in the form of HIV-1.
In the first article HIV/AIDS Epidemic Still Ravaging African Countries by VOA’s Kim Lewis, the author dispels the notion that some of the African countries are winning the war against HIV/AIDS. The article asserts that the pandemic
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