Roads enable the transport of raw materials to the production plants and distribution of the finished products to the market place.
Efforts to devise generic definitions of infrastructure have referred to the network aspect of the structures and the accumulated value of investments in the networks as assets. Such efforts defines infrastructure as a network of assets. The system as a whole is intended to be maintained at a specified standard of service by the replacement of its components(1). However, the principles that civil infrastructure is meant to have, is the unlimited service of life. Provide some specified minimum standard of service that are neither inherent to the concept or generally accepted by the societies served. Infrastructure may also refer to information technology, formal and informal channels of communication, development of tools such as software, social networks and political or the beliefs held by members of particular groups. More conceptual uses is the idea that infrastructure provides in organizing structure and support for the system or organization it serves. These could be in a city, nation , corporation or a collection of people with common interests.
In the study of infrastructure network design, it is very important for the engineer to address several fundamental issues. In the starting point of our analysis, we have to use the fundamentals. ...Show more