What consequence does the punishment have Punishment, through the elimination of positive fortifiers, is well understood. Another abuse of positive fortification is deliberately to transform even positive fortification into an instrument of forcible compulsion. This is a practice that some institutional managers and members of the serving professions frequently use in prisons and caring institutions for the mentally unwell and persons with retarded conduct. Also, other persons in the control position, acclimatized to forcible compulsion, frequently can realize no other way. If they try positive fortification, their first whim is to take something away from their control - to return it back for good behaviour.
This happened in some prison projects that claimed to be using positive fortification. They put prisoners in solitary detention, let them elsewhere for short period if the prisoners showed proper penitence; dispossessed them of food, handed them bit of food stuff if they acted submissively. Then, for any lapse, real or superficial, they reemployed the dispossession.
Punishment is widespread in the world. Does it attain its purpose There is no simple "yes" or "no" answers for this question. What turn out to conduct that is punished Does murder by society really diminish murder by individuals Does confinement keep people from doing the same crimes after such people get out Financial punishments can eradicate tax eluders' profits. Do occasional confiscations keep them truthful, or stop tax elusion by others This is the point where behaviour analysis can contribute. (Bauman, 1996)
Punishment's Side Effects
Punishment has side effects. According to Sidman (1989) the changes that occur in people who are punished and, what is even more vital, the changes that occur in those who do the punishing, lead to the finale that punishment is a most injudicious, unwanted, and fundamentally destructive way of controlling conduct.
A side effect is a term that often refers to inadvertent effects of drugs. It has become common for hazardous side effects to cause the recall of drugs brought into the marketplace without sufficient testing. Punishment and other varieties of forcible compulsion, like many drugs, have been brought into our culture without sufficient testing. The results of punishment have large behavioural importance than hoped for main effects. Test results are now accessible. Behaviour analysis provides a lucid, systematic account of the results of forcible compulsion. Lots of chastisement side effects have been studied in the laboratory, not as minor phenomena but as processes significant in their own right. Perhaps a more careful evaluation of compulsive practices will cause them, too, to be taken off the approved list.
It is usually claimed that the intention of punishment to be the control of redundant behaviour. But other options to punishment are available. They are non-traditional, unknown even to many psychologists. What makes these options necessary is the enormous catalog of punishment's side effects that discard its benefits and are accountable for much that is wrong with our social systems.
From Bad to Worse: How New Punishers Are Made
Trained reinforcers manage much of what we carry out. Passionate appreciation reinforces