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The Realist Criminology - Essay Example

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The Realist Criminology

Particularly the man is confronted to a social war being fought against all, which inevitably in individual cases, notably among uneducated people, assumes a brutal, barbarously violent form called 'crime'. Now, in order to protect itself against crime or any direct acts of violence, the onus comes on the shoulders of society to adopt an extensive, complicated system of administrative and judicial bodies, which requires an immense labour force.
In communist society this would likewise be vastly simplified precisely because strange though it may sound the administrative body in this society would have to manage not merely individual aspects of social life, but the whole of social life, in all its various activities, in all its aspects. Carrabine et al suggests that it is best to eliminate the contradiction between the individual man and all others, we counter-pose social peace to social war, we put the axe to the root of crime and thereby render the greatest, by far the greatest part of the present activity of the administrative and judicial bodies superfluous. (Carrabine et al, 2004, p. 49)

Marxist Theory of Crime
According to theories presented by Marx, 'social order and societies' are the origin of criminal activities where early social models of crime often assumed a certain harmony or fit between the parts of a society and its overall working. (Carrabine et al, p. 57, 2004) Societies functioned; and the various social institutions in them ranging from work to social gatherings performed certain functions to keep a society balanced, but they lacked in one aspect. This aspect was responsible for crime deviation and that was the "class system".

The Marxist theory of crime suggests that crime is bound up with conflict of a class-based nature in which crimes of the powerful are much less noticed than crimes of the weak. (Carrabine, p. 64, 2004) That means social influence of class system is depicted and is varied according to the standards of crime. Marx upholds the opinion that in order to eradicate crime, social inequality must be eradicated at the ground root level.

Marxist theory under the impact of conservatism suggests that existence of different social systems is the main causes of creation of 'class'. Any social theory upholds two kinds of societies, positively influenced societies and negatively influenced societies. But in order to understand the impact of class system one must be aware of negatively influenced societies that presents the working of evil societies.

Marxist theory indicates a class struggle, which is for centuries cultivated in UK, so it is difficult to cope with that problem. Luther et al suggests that the Marxist theory of social development is inconsistent and does not go well with the social structure of class system particularly when it considers class struggle, the extreme form of social conflict, as the main source of progress, while at the same time it is unable to offer any reasonable theoretical explanation for the ...Show more

Summary

The 'Realism' criminology has no doubt changed the new generation views on crime, today the crime is considered as a social dilemma with different socialist views laid down on the grounds of Marx and other political and neo political approaches. If we analyse the theories 'left realism' and 'Marxism', it is clear that all the approaches possess the same roots of political consequences generated from social inequality and class system…
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