Small holder agriculture contributes about 35-45% towards deforestation. On the contrary large scale agriculture contributes about 15-20% towards deforestation. 10-15% is contributed by logging. The remaining 5% is by other activities. These other activities often include urbanization, forest fires, fuel wood collection so on and so forth. Activities like mining and urbanization are the major causes that lead to deforestation. The population increases with each passing day and when human beings have no place to live they turn towards the forests, they chop the forests and construct homes and other structures disturbing the balance of nature. Logging often causes degradation, it triggers off deforestation but at the initial stage it only triggers off degradation of the soil.
Africa and South America are two continents where deforestation has increased consistently over the past few years. North America and Central America have witnessed very less deforestation when compared to the likes of Africa and South America. Asia also has witnessed a lot of deforestation in past years, Oceania has also witnessed some deforestation but the magnitude is not as severe as seen in the other continents. Africa witnessed about 3700 hectors of deforestation during 1990-2000 but this no came down in 2000-2005.
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The world is indubitable changing at a very startling pace, roads, damns; industries are being build day in, day out. This takes a toll on the environment and inevitably results in deforestation. Human beings crave for wealth and in an attempt to gain as much wealth as possible often end up causing serious damage to the environment…
The natural environment of the world is in a state of rapid transition. The changing environmental conditions have brought about rapid changes in the climatic patterns in the context of global geography and climatology. Climate change has turned into a global phenomenon affecting human civilizations from time immemorial.
The report also predicts that the bottom billion population would take over 800 years to gain 10% of the global income as per the current rate of change (ibid). The authors identify that children and the youth greatly suffer from inequalities; and nearly 50% of children and the youth are below the $2 per day international poverty line (ibid).
However, going by the statistics, Brazilian government has made a significant move aimed at preserving Amazon. Firstly, the Brazilian has created national parks within the forest to ensure that the forest is protected and conserve. The government has also enacted laws aimed at protecting the forest.
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Environmentalists and ecologists pay a special attention to Brazilian Amazon and deforestation which has a great impact on global ecology and air quality.
Deforestation, largely for logging and wood-fuel purposes, is common in South America. The main causes of deforestation in this region are agricultural development, expansion of mining and logging (for instance, gold and diamond mines in Venezuela), cattle ranching, migration of farmers who occupy new land, opium and soybean farming, and transpiration (Margulis 27).
The paper is divided into three parts where the first part deals with introducing both the issues. The second part concentrates on critically examining whether there is a relation between the two issues and the third part draws conclusion from the facts and evidences from previous section.
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According to the essay the World Income Inequality Database maintained by the United Nations University provides some useful information regarding the distribution of income across the globe. The Lorenz Curve and the Gini Coefficient are very beneficial to obtain a clear view of the income distribution in a particular region (ibid).
Soil carbon storage is an essential component of the global carbon cycling. Mainly, they do have high carbon content and are vulnerable to erosion because of agricultural deforestation. The use of land, particularly annual cropping, has affected the carbon levels in the soil.