A small part of the population is Chinese and Malay, and about 65000 of Vietnamese also live in Thailand. The major religion of Thailand is Buddhism, and it is proclaimed by the constitution of the country that a king of Thailand should be a Buddhist. But it also proclaims a freedom of conscience and insists that the king must provide for it. Bhumibol Adulyadei, the king who rules at present, watch the constitution to be obeyed, supporting minority groups of Christians, Muslims and Hindus.
As Wellner (2002) states, Thai Americans are not regarded as to be one of the most numerous minority groups in the USA. Japanese, Chinese, Indian, Vietnamese and Korean groups have more than 1 million people each. But Thai Americans, in spite of their relatively small size, are also significant as far as their role in contributing the society is concerned. According to the statistics data of 2000, there are 150000 of Thai Americans presently living in the USA. Many of them are the children of the immigrants, and many of them are the first generation of immigrants.
In early 1980 the term "Asians" included six groups - Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Filipino, Indian and Vietnamese. After 2000 this term added an additional category of "other Asians". At present this term has more broad area of coverage, including all people who were born in Far East, India and Southeast Asia, i.e., Chinese, Cambodians, Indians, Koreans, Japanese, Malay, Pakistani, Filipino, Thai and Vietnamese. (Wellner, 2002)
It is not a secret that western and oriental society are opposite in many issues related to culture and outlook. That is why it is quite hard to get used to new style of life, new environment and new customs and traditions, when someone changes East for West. So why so many people leave Thailand, go abroad and feel themselves happy There are some factors that are produced by present situation in Thailand society.
Thailand is often referred to as "one of the small dragons of Asia," (Thailand Culture Shock: You're not in Kansas), but it still remains a developing society. The failures and successes of the development process were much discussed in media. Unfortunately, positive results didn't significantly improve the standard of life in all classes of Thailand society. On the contrary, they almost have no influence on poverty and unemployment.
Thailand youth is one of the sources that may rescue Thailand from economical instability and in future improve general level of living in the country. But to provide young people with necessary education and experience, Thailand needs time and money. There is an extreme need of special educational programs and funds to provide young men and women with the professions that would be helpful both for them and for the society in general. Thai woman should be given a range of professions that could improve their social and financial status, and could help them getting rid of the subordinate position, they still occupy in society and family. Unfortunately, there are no social programs prepared by the government, that could help men and women earn money enough to feed their families and to keep for retirement, as in Thailand there are no special pensions granted for retired people. Besides, social programs providing for medical care for workers and aged people are needed to support people. It is hard to believe that there are no social security programs that provide medical care and financial care for the population. There are organizations that