The economic activity of a community which is dictated by the resources available in that region has greatly affected the way these communities brought up their young ones. For example many western communities have emphasized on education of their children since their economies have been driven by industrialization. Contrary to this, many communities in the developing countries especially in Africa and Asia may not have attached so much value on formal education of their young ones but rather on the main economic activity that they are engaged in. Take for example herdsmen. In many communities who are herders in sub-Saharan Africa, their children spend most of their time looking after their animals and hence have little chances of attending formal education. (Heather et al., 2003, p. 43)
However we should understand that even those communities which did not have any organized formal education for their children, they carried out extensive informal education in their homes. While formal education is aimed at bring some kind of expertise in the growing children, informal education had the same aim of bringing up expertise children in their economic activities and in their cultural values.
The perception each community had...
As a result, it is to be found out that most of the western families were lean with not more than four children while in the developing world they had bloated families with more than ten children. (Ransom 1998, p. 129)
But the advent of the concept of globalization seems to have brought about some standard in perception of children. Globalization can be regarded as bringing together the world culture which has reduced the world to a global village. This has been achieved through improved technology. As a result there has been great mix up of culture from different communities which has changed perception of many issues. The western cultures seem to have benefited from the effect of globalisation as it has spread very fasts.
This paper will look closely at the effects of globalization on childhood. It will first look at the discourse of childhood and how they are changing under the new social and economic conditions which are being caused by globalization. It will then look at how globalisation has played part in changing the images of ideal childhood and how this has been standardized and exported globally which has seen all countries being judged by a single set of standards. As we have said, the western culterue ahs had effect on the way other societies had perceived children and hence we will look at how these societies have changed their construction of childhood and children's role. Finally it will look closely at the globalisation of childhood and the effects it has brought on poor countries and how this has brought power differential between them and the richer nations
Discourses of childhood are changing under the new social and economic