But the growth pattern and direction is also of a distinct nature (Hayden, 2004). This pattern of growth can also be referred to as urban growth trends. These trends vary from one society to the other. But they have some basic similarities. Even today, urban societies continue to exhibit some form of growth. This is what is referred to as contemporary urban growth.
Urbanisation is tied in some ways to the economy (Walter, 2003). As people move from rural to urban areas and new technologies continue to be developed, there are major influences to the economy. This paper will attempt to look at the main trends associated with contemporary global urban growth and how this is linked to the global economy. The paper will be subdivided into several sections. The first section will deal with the main trends that are associated with contemporary urban growth. The second section will look at how these trends are associated to the global economy.
More and more people continue to abandon life in villages and farms to move to the cities. This is especially so in the developing third world societies where urbanisation is a relatively new phenomenon (Kahn, 2006). This is what brings about urbanisation in the first place. The rapid rise of cities around the world, regardless of when they were formed, can be attributed to rural- urban migration. These are like Chicago which developed in the nineteenth century. Shanghai in china, which came to be in the twentieth century, can also be attributed to this form of migration (McDonald, 2007). The twentieth century saw unprecedented levels of urbanisation around the globe. The reasons why people move to the cities are varied, from one society to the other. They go to look for jobs, enjoy the city amenities amongst other reasons.
It is evident that once an urban centre is formed, it continues to grow going through several stages in the process (Kahn, 2006). The growth is stimulated by several factors like industrialisation and more immigration. It also takes many forms like growth of factories and development of urban buildings. What is most important is that there are several trends that can be associated with this urban growth.
The growth of urban centres has profound effects to the economy. This is because, as stipulated earlier in this paper, these two phenomena are joined to each other. The relationship between the two can take several forms (Goldfield, 2007). As the urban centre grows, the economy can grow at the same rate. The economy can also grow at a higher or lower rate than that of urban growth. It can also remain stagnant as the urban growth takes place. But what is important is that the two growths are related. This paper will look at the growth trends of urban centres in today's society and how they affect the economy. The paper will take a global look when handling these two mechanisms.
Objectives of the Study
The study is guided by one broad objective, that of looking at the trends in contemporary urban growth. It also has some specific objectives which are set out below:
Outlining the main trends in contemporary global urban growth
Finding out whether the trends above can be linked to the global economy
If a link exists, this paper will attempt to look at this link and how it specifically occurs
Main Trends in Contemporary Urban