James Parnell, the secretary of work and pensions as well as the author of the white paper, says that these changes will enable more disabled people to be a part of the workforce, as they will be judged according to their abilities rather than being judged according to the limitations that their disabilities place upon them (Action for Blind People). On the other hand, organizations that represent the disabled are very concerned about these changes, as they feel as though disabled people will be left out in the cold. This is due to the fact that people who are too sick to work will be forced to get a job. What's more, employers are not ready to handle employees who are disabled or who live with a chronic illness. Some employers want no dealings with the disabled and sickly at all. Therefore, this dissertation will analyze the promises made by the white paper and see whether or not they will be beneficial to the disabled population. Furthermore, the dissertation will establish whether or not the concerns of organizations that represent the disabled are valid.
The initial aim of this dissertation is to find out if the white paper will really do what is promised. In order to do this, it is vital to closely analyze every detail of the white paper to see what provisions it is offering to those currently receiving benefits. Then, we must compare the proposals to academic literature to best determine whether or not the proposals will be helpful or hurtful. On the surface, the white paper seems very promising, as there is a strong argument that work is extremely helpful in improving the overall emotional and physical health of an individual. According to an article titled "Work is Good for Your health," work is good for maintaining mental and physical health. It has been found that working individuals have a higher self-esteem and suffer less from mental illness. What's more, working individuals do not require as many visits to their GPs as do those who are not employed. Those who are unemployed are at higher risk for health problems, as well as mental illness. These individuals have a shorter life expectancy than those who are working, and they account for a high number of visits to the emergency room, as well as to their primary doctors. But if the unemployed can return to work, these negative conditions can be improved dramatically; hence the reason that disabled persons who are able to work should be properly supported so that they may continue working (Wadell and Burton). Therefore, we will see whether or not the white paper will actually support the disabled and deliver these benefits. We will also look for any gaps or loop wholes in the new plan of reformation.
The second aim is to carefully consider the objections to the reform and whether or not there is truth to the statements made by those who are on the opposing side. There are quite a few objections to the reform, and each of them will be carefully considered. The first objection is that the white paper will not be able to deliver what it has promised, as these employers will not see any benefit to hiring people with chronic health problems or long term disabilities. They say that employers feel that profits will be lost, due to the support that is required by the chronically ill and the disabled. They say that it is not their responsibility to support the health needs of their workforce and that their only responsibility is to give people jobs. Employers feel that if the person is not healthy enough to fulfill the requirements of the position, it is their problem. Should the employer be facing financial difficulties, the disabled will be the