More than 28 thousands people annually receive treatments in hospitals due to alcohol poisons and dipsomania. According to charitable organization "Alcohol Concern" about 33 thousands of people died from various alcohol diseases annually in the UK. Besides each six of those who get hurt, uses alcohol before an accident. This amount grows up to eight-tenth.
Doctor Chris Looke from a University hospital of a little town in Ireland, who participated in "Alcohol Concern" researches, admonishes, that state medicine will bankrupt, if no measures are taken to reduce alcohol misuse.
Alcohol Concern Director, Eric Appleby, often says that his organization wants to attract attention to alcohol misuse problem and explain how to wrestle with it. Only nowadays, medicine institutions start paying necessary attention to this problem.
There are many articles, analyzing the tax rates from different opinions using various techniques and methods. In our empirical project we used some results from "Alcohol Taxes, Tax Revenues and the Single European Market" (1999) by Ian Crawford, Zoe Smith and Sarah Tanner from the Institute for Fiscal Studies. In this paper the authors used long-term trends in alcohol for each alcohol drinks, extended a general approach, including cross-price effects.
Also we've used the research "Alcohol and the Workplace" produced by Institute of Alcohol Studies, 12 October 2005. The authors wrote there about alcohol abuse, methods of identification alcohol dependence, monitoring situation in the UK.
In the Prime Minister's Strategy Unit "Alcohol Harm Reduction Strategy For England" we found some data till 2004 about alcohol harm in the UK.
In "The Case of Spirits Duty" we've found some results of simple model, where authors offered to calculate an optimal tax rates without using health care expenditures. Nevertheless these results became useful for us.
But, unfortunately, no articles and researches introduce us to calculating optimal tax rate of each alcohol drink, taking medicine expenditures into account.
So that's why we decided to make an