Cathy Spatz Widom (1989) accomplished "being abused as a child significantly increases one's risk of having an adult criminal record.however the path from childhood victimization to adult criminal behavior is far from inevitable". (Female offenders). Scudder et al (1993) found that "children who break the law, especially through acts of violence, often have a history of maltreatment". According to Smith and Thornberry (1995) correlate the history of childhood maltreatment "increases the chances of involvement in delinquency". Kelley et al (1997) examined certified police proceedings and also self-reports and calculating for sex, race/ ethnicity, family disadvantage, family structure, and mobility of subjects summarized the findings as: "Maltreated youth displayed significantly higher prevalence rates of delinquency in terms of thee measures: official records, self reported moderate delinquency, and self reported violence. Childhood maltreatment is a significant and nonspurious risk factor for officially recognized delinquency, violent self-reported delinquency and moderate self reported delinquency"( Female offenders).
These findings state that gender is not a factor to decide the childhood maltreatment and delinquency. ...
Research on the Relationship Between Child Maltreatment and Juvenile Delinquency: the data suggest that due to methodological issues and issues concerning reliance on retrospective designs and also the comparative studies between abused and non-abused and non-neglected children were not conducted, contradiction do occur to state about the relationship between child maltreatment and violent criminal behavior.
Childhood Abuse and Neglect and Juvenile Crime (Midwest) (in percentages)
Type of Juvenile Arrest (n = 908) (n = 667) Relative Risk
Any Arrest 21.6 13.9*** 55
Property 14.6 9.1*** 60
Order 7.9 4.6** 72
Violence 5.3 2.7** 96
Source: Adapted from Widom, C. S. (2002). [Arrests before age 18]. Unpublished raw data.
Note: All subjects were at least 18 years old at the time of data collection. Excludes status offenses.
**p < .01. ***p < .001. (Widom, C., P.,)
Characteristics of Offending (Midwest)
Age of Onset (in Years) 18.1 19.2**
Average Number of