Essay sample - Has contemporary western society contributed to this phenomenon?

Masters
Essay
Sociology
Pages 8 (2008 words)
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The Crisis of identity or the term ‘identity crisis’ was coined by the famous psychologist Erik Erickson. Identity is an umbrella term used in social sciences to denote the individual’s comprehension of the self as a separate and distinct entity in a social framework. …

Introduction

In terms of sociology and political theories, the notions of social identity is the individual’s identification of themselves as members of a particular socio-political grouping such as a nation, social class, race, ethnicity, gender, employment or professional groups, and so forth. It is in this context that sociologists and historians speak of national identity of a particular coutry and feminists speak of gender identity. Most people are proud of their identity groups which enhances the feeling of community or belonging. They often add specific customs to their groups to enforce this identity. In some cases, sociologists have even recorded that the behaviour wasn’t even established through the group but with a Stereotype of Oppressors. Identity has been a central factor of pride in social groupings such as the gay pride or the black consciousness which seek to strengthen the politically weaker groups with the enhanced sense of identity. But most sociologists identify such groupings as a precursor to demagogy, ethnic and racial conflicts and the like. The process of an individual’s interaction with the society relative to an identity is known as identity negotiation. The person will have to negotiate separately on each of the identity they possess – for example, the identity of a ‘doctor’ will have to be negotiated separately from the identity of ‘father’ of his son. ...
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