In terms of sociology and political theories, the notions of social identity is the individual’s identification of themselves as members of a particular socio-political grouping such as a nation, social class, race, ethnicity, gender, employment or professional groups, and so forth. It is in this context that sociologists and historians speak of national identity of a particular coutry and feminists speak of gender identity. Most people are proud of their identity groups which enhances the feeling of community or belonging. They often add specific customs to their groups to enforce this identity. In some cases, sociologists have even recorded that the behaviour wasn’t even established through the group but with a Stereotype of Oppressors. Identity has been a central factor of pride in social groupings such as the gay pride or the black consciousness which seek to strengthen the politically weaker groups with the enhanced sense of identity. But most sociologists identify such groupings as a precursor to demagogy, ethnic and racial conflicts and the like. The process of an individual’s interaction with the society relative to an identity is known as identity negotiation. The person will have to negotiate separately on each of the identity they possess – for example, the identity of a ‘doctor’ will have to be negotiated separately from the identity of ‘father’ of his son. ...
The process of an individual's interaction with the society relative to an identity is known as identity negotiation. The person will have to negotiate separately on each of the identity they possess - for example, the identity of a 'doctor' will have to be negotiated separately from the identity of 'father' of his son. Self concept is essentially a mental and conceptual awareness and persistent regard that an individual an individual holds with regard to his being. Components of the self-identity of an individual thus include physical, social and psychological attributes and are in turn influenced by its attitudes, habits, ideas and beliefs.
The History of the self-concept
A milestone in the non-physical self concept was laid in 1644, when Rene Descartes published his Principles of Philosophy. He said that the doubt is a principal tool in disciplined enquiry, yet he could not doubt that he doubted. He reasoned that if he doubted, he was thinking and when he is thinking, he exists. Thus existence he argued depended on one's perception.
The second milestone was laid by none other than the legendary psychiatrist Sigmund Freud who gave us great insights in to internal mental processes. His views have had a strong impact on the practice of counselling. Lecky Prescott (1945) concluded that 'self consistency is a primary motivating factor in human behaviour.
The most eloquent advocate of the self-concept in personality theory by far has been Carl Rogers (1947). Rogers described the self as a 'social product, developing out of interpersonal relationships and striving for consistency'. He maintained that the basic human strives for positive regard both from others and from his own self. He believed that in every person