Demography can be defined as the statistical study of all population s .It is a general science applied to any dynamic population that which changes over a period of time. Demography comprises the study of size, structure and distribution of the given population of study. It studies also temporal changes in relation to birth, migration, aging and death. Demographic analysis is mostly applied to societies or a given population using criteria such as education, age, religion and ethnicity to name but a few. Demography is studied as a branch of anthropology economics and sociology. Formal demography is limited to measurement of population processes while a broader study of social demography studies and analysis the relationship between economic social cultural and biological processes that have effect to a population. Demographics is a term mainly used to refer characteristic of a selected population mainly in by the government and in fields like marketing, opinion research among others.
In 1800 England had none of this instead there was civil registration of births, marriages and burials attempted under common wealth. At the time the main source of information on demography was as a result of by parish registration of baptism, marriages, and births that occurred in parish churches.
These demographic trends have their effect on the social economic aspects of life. The changes focused on include, the marriage setup from the past to the present time .It tries to examine the changes that have occurred for example change s in the age of marriage, divorce rates ,childbearing age among others. It also seeks to find out what has caused the changes that have been evidenced in the present days for example why people are delaying to engage in marriage., why there is a higher rate of divorce cases among others. The paper also examine to which direction these trends are heading and why.
The paper also examines the trends that have occurred on the job market over the past years. It focuses on the level of unemployment and its effects to the society. It also tries to answer why there has been an increasing unemployment especially to the young people and what trends a re likely to follow thereafter.
There has been a general upward trend of unemployment in England since the year 1970 which has been as a result of three recessions that occurred during 1973,1981 and the year 190.In 1980s unemployment tripled compared to 1971 whereas the number of available vacancies for employment remained the same .The unemployment can be connected to the shift in the fundamental policy of economies attributed to Mrs. Thatcher conservative government in the year 1979.Controllling of inflation was made paramount during 1980s and unemployment was on rise as a result. This perception of inflation and unemployment has been questioned by many. It is argued that other measures can be put to check inflation while reducing the level of unemployment (Ermisch, 1998).
In the present days it's also difficult for young people to secure employment t in the job market. During the mid 1997 the 20 to 24 years age group, more than 12 percent of them are unable to secure employment .The situation is worse for the 16 to 19 years age group where more than 17 percent of them are unemployed .This implies that more than 20 percent of this groups of people live under welfare support .
Most of this young people are not able to get even trainee positions and thus many end up in engaging in hooliganism behavior and crime (Heath, 1994).
Unemployment in the united kingdom can be termed as one of the European success stories from the year 1993 where it stood at 10.3 percent and came down to 5.3 percent in the year 2002.The benefit has been employment where the working population has risen in every year .Moreover all sexes and ages have participated in