Though over the past decade a lot of effort has been devoted in order to help needy children, nothing tangibly great has happened. The cases where the effects of these efforts have borne fruit have been low and far stretched. This is primarily because of the fact that these problems are deep rooted and complex. On many instances, it is because the problems have been neglected for so long that it would take many years for the effects of these policies to bear fruit. In other places, it is because the policies have not been precisely relevant or applicable.
The term social policy can be defined as a set of parameters that would enable the changing, maintenance or creation of living conditions that are important to human welfare. Thus aimed to improve human welfare, the term definitely encompasses the criterions of childhood and all the factors that pose a hindrance to it. Thus, the fact that social policy is required to tackle poverty in children emanates from the fact that, children are not only the "father of man"2, but they also withstand the worst of the failures and mistakes juxtaposed upon them by adults. Children have neither voice nor power to control their own lives and their manner of marginalisation can only mean an impending doom awaiting humankind. Thus, the need for effective policies for children is important.
As a means to achieve this, the World Health Organisation started a study to develop a set of indicators on children's environmental health with the idea of providing a basis for judging environmental risks to children's health, in order to help prioritise policy at national and global level. 3Acting as a basis for monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of national and international initiatives to reduce environmental health risks for children, it sought to providing a template for developing other indicators, according to need, to address issues of specific local or national concern.
Though the program could not justify its potential, in the sense that it fell flat while dealing with the problem of child poverty in the African states, what it did was inspire a lot of attention towards the cause of global poverty and the need to limit children poverty. Following this, a UN declaration in 2000 pledged that by 2015, it would halve the proportion of people whose income was less than one dollar a day and achieve a similar reduction in the number of people suffering from hunger4. The declaration also pledged to cut the death rate among the under-fives by two thirds and ensure that all children could complete primary school. The report that was prepared for UNICEF by the Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research at the University of Bristol was the first time in the history of humankind that child poverty in the developing world had been scientifically measured. The lives of more than 1.2 million children from 46 of the world's poorest countries were analysed for the study. The report classified children who lacked one basic human need, such as food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter and education as living in severe deprivation, while