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Gambling in United Kingdom - Essay Example
Gambling is "placing value upon a game/event or a bet of any type that has an unpredictable outcome, and in which the result to some magnitude is determined by chance (Bolen & Boyd, 1968). There are three important terms that come under the head of gambling; these are "Problem Gambling, Compulsive Gambling and Pathological Gambling." (Clinical Psychology Review 22 -2002) These three terms are often used interchangeably in order to refer to the condition of disorder in gambling behaviors.
615). Problem Gambling is "persistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling behavior that disrupts personal, family or vocational pursuits." (American Psychiatric Association) "It avoids the medical and pejorative implications of pathological'' (Walker & Dickerson, 1996) and the term Problem Gambler' is used to define someone "whose gambling is at an earlier stage and to a lesser degree than required by the diagnostic criteria" (Rosenthal, 1989). The third term Compulsive Gambling is more often used by "laypersons such as Gamblers Anonymous (GA) members". (Clinical Psychology Review 22 -2002) As this discussion is based on psychology, the main focus would remain on the "pathological gambling" in order to describe the gambling behaviors. Different forms of gambling are covered by the term PG including casino gambling, pari-mutuels, horse races, lotteries and gaming machines. The pathological gambling has several "negative impacts on the gamblers' physical and mental health and performance in vocational situations" (Productivity Commission, 1999). The pathological gamblers often face financial hardships, Interpersonal problems and psychosocial problems in their children. ...