These organizations are most often non-profit and usually only gain funding from their own private resources. It has been found by some that the term 'non-governmental organization' is rather broad, and can in fact be referred or related to basically anything non-governmental, and as a result, many now prefer the term 'private voluntary organization', or 'PVO'.
There were nearly 29 000 international NGOs recorded in a 1995 UN report on global governance ("Amnesty", 2005), and the United States alone has an estimated 2 million, most of which were formed quite recently. On top of this already predominant figure, still more have and soon will have been added to that list, as dozens of new NGOs are created daily.
The globalization which occurred during the 20th century is what truly gave rise to the importance of NGOs. It was quickly realized that many problems inside a nation could not be solved without the interference of outside aid, and that therefore there needed to be a solution to assess this dilemma. NGOs are an extremely critical part of the world, created for the sole purpose of assisting others in need, and driven by the single goal of commitment in helping others, and bringing peace to a hectic world.
There are two different types of non-governmental organizations, which are:
The primary purpose of an operational NGO is the design and implementation of such things as development-related projects. These are also known as 'relief-oriented' or 'development-oriented' organizations.
The primary purpose of an advocacy NGO is to defend or promote a specific cause. They are quite opposite to an operational NGO, as they instead try to raise awareness, acceptance, and knowledge through such things as lobbying, press work and activist events.
There are a number of various reasons why non-governmental organizations exist - especially for the purpose of furthering the political or social goals of their members. Their most determining intention for coming together is for the notion of bringing peace across the globe, and for the creation, protection, and usage of proper human rights for people everywhere. One of the top non-governmental organizations of all, whose goal it is to do just this is what will be discussed in the following.
"Where, after all, do universal human rights begin In small places, close to home - so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any maps of the world. Yet they are the world of the individual person; the neighborhood he lives in; the school or college he attends; the factory, farm, or office where he works. Such are the places where every man, woman, and child seeks equal justice, equal opportunity, equal dignity without discrimination. Unless these rights have meaning there, they have little meaning anywhere. Without concerted citizen action to uphold them close to home, we shall look in vain for progress in the larger world." (Roosevelt, 1948).
"Amnesty International's work is based on principles set forth in the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights." (Hogne, 1996).