The public health challenges in the 21st century are substantial and quite diverse and complex and according to Clarke (2004) the importance of health workers in public health settings highlights society's efforts to tackle these challenges. The nurses are a force for health and a social model of health focuses on the environment, historical, political, cultural and social structures. Clarke (2004) discusses public health in Ireland and the challenges of multi disciplinary team approach as well as communication and the need for a stronger political and social structure within the public health systems. Clarke's work is presented through examples from public health work and he also discusses future developments in care and management in Ireland.
Chavasse (1998) discussed the role of key players and processes that tend to influence public policy in Ireland and highlights the need or lack of policy in healthcare. According to Chavasse (1995), the lack of specific policies in healthcare can have a detrimental effect on primary health care and nursing values with emphasis on fewer appropriate policies. ...Show more