In order to assess the status of women in Middle East Region, on a whole, we need to view it from the perspective of the religion as this region has been greatly influenced by the religious values and dogmas. It would, therefore, be better if a comparison can be made between the status of women in Pre-Islamic era and Post-Islamic era.
The Pre-Islamic era is considered as one of the darkest in the history of the region as women was subjugated to a very lower position in the society. It is also however important to note that there were some exceptions to this fact also as the women, in some pre-Islamic societies were in a very dominant position in their respective societies.(Russett & Donno, 2004)
Women, especially married females were considered as inherited property which could be inherited after the death of her husband. Besides, women were not given the equal or proportionate rights in inheritance of their parents as well as husbands. The social status of the women was not as such that it can be commanded as amazing however with the advent of Islam, this status seems to have changed as Islam provided much-needed breathing space to the women in terms of their fundamental rights such as right to have share from the property, right to marry to the preferred husbands, right to divorce etc. It is also argued that the women, during this era of Islam gained rights which were unparalleled in the world until the liberalization of women in Western World. (Ali, 2004).
The Islamic principles, especially Quran advocated the rights of Women as equal to the male and were duly supported by the Hadith- sayings and actions of Prophet. It is also important to understand that despite being given the rights by Islam, most of the Arab societies remained stagnant in terms of providing the sexual equality to the women and at the time of codification of the Islamic laws, most of the external influences prevailing deep into the cultural values prevailing before An Islamic era. Such influences helped culminated at the laws and practices which virtually delineated women from their true status as given by Islam.
It is due to this factor that different cultural values and identities emerged from the Arab World thus distorting the very idea of the status of the women in Islam. It is therefore, still arguable that all the Arab countries share the same history and culture when they were finally linked through their Islamic identity (Tucker, 1993).
Post- Islamic era
As discussed above that there remains a question of whether despite being linked
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