However, the opposing viewpoint states that there is a very logical reason why more African Americans are involved with the judicial system - they simply commit more crimes than whites. Both sides provide mounds of data and studies to support their argument. Although it is not scientific, I believe where there is smoke there is probably fire. More than likely, there is some form of racial prejudice involved. Merely assuming the sides of this issue are divided strictly by color lines would be a mistake. Walter Williams (who is black) used the following figures in The Washington Times to prove his point that police are not prejudice, “...63 percent of the 65,624 drug arrests were minorities (50 percent blacks and 13 percent Hispanics). Since blacks are only 13 percent of the total population, it means law enforcement officials can assign a higher probability that a drug trafficker is a black more so than other racial groups” (Williams). Indeed, Mr. Williams - as well as many others - believe that such statistics show that police are simply doing their jobs by stopping black motorists more often than whites, since more of them are probably drug dealers. But does such reasoning hold up in the light of other statistics that are just as telling? For example, studies by Human Rights Watch have shown that most drug offenders are white and that five times as many whites use drugs as blacks. However, blacks comprise the great majority of drug offenders sent to prison (“Racial Disparities“).
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The facts are indisputable and have been widely published for years. People of color in the United States are extremely over-represented in the prison population as well as in the number of arrests. While the facts are not in question, what is under debate is the reason why these numbers exist. …
The practice of detaining the criminals and offenders could be traced to the very dawn of civilization. However, the practice of keeping the offenders behind bars for punishing them is a very recent invention.In Europe, the offenders hailing from the lower sections of the society were subjected to politically and commercially conducive confinements.
The targeting of these groups is evident when police profile according to race of the individuals, the identification of then suspects from a minority group majorly based on ethnic origin on color constitutes racism in the criminal justice system Spalek (2008).
The three main components of a criminal justice system include police, lawyers, and judges. Criminal justice system plays a significant role in reducing the occurrence of crimes and establishing peace in a country. Let us now discuss the concepts of disparity and discrimination in order to find out their relationship with the criminal justice system.
Racial minorities in the UK, especially blacks, must experience the justice system not as a safeguard to their safety and security but rather as a threat. “Since at least the post-World War II black immigration into Britain, studies and official statistics have shown that on comparing socioeconomic indicators such as employment, housing, and education, black people are more marginalized than other racial groups.” (Kalunta-Crumpton, 2000).
The question is what is wrong with the criminal justice system, and is there anything wrong with it, which creates so unfavorable picture of racial criminality in the UK
When race becomes a means by which to evaluate the goodness and badness of groups of people, when it is used to create a hierarchy of superior and inferior groups, race becomes a popular or social concept that can be used to justify discriminatory treatment and even violence." (Kleg, 1993)
be - and is - of the utmost importance. It is also clear that there is a strong will to move forward on these issues, and that with the processes that are being setup for this very issue, that we will be able to drive improvements in regards to the quality and local management both internally, in terms of employment and externally, in terms of service delivery and other key related issues.
Native as well as migrant groups of the community have been overwhelmingly looked down upon by the racist authorities in the country’s bureaucratic line of law and order and criminal justice management. A largely significant proportion of the
As the report declares there is no doubt that the statistics regarding those who are arrested shows that African Americans and Hispanic Americans are more likely to be incarcerated than Americans of Caucasian race. The people were charged with, they include violent, property, drug, public order, weapon, immigration offences as well as misdemeanors.
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