Indian government pays special attention to Dalits who are greatly discriminated nowadays. Though there are no discrimination in India which is based on the color of skin (as in the USA, for example), there is a discrimination which is based on origin. After many years of discrimination the Dalits began to resist. They organized their own Civil Rights movement. Inspired by the success of American Blacks the began to use the election institution, civil insubordination, and even sometimes they use violence to claim their rights. Dalits movement is very young and scattered. The term “dalit” itself covers many castes and tribes, many of which speak different languages. In contrast to racial segregation in Africa and sex discrimination in Moslem world, caste systen did not attract so much attention of West, though the situation is changing now.
We must say that it will be very difficult to cruch the caste system in India. Many Dalits thried to leave this system coming to Islam or Christianity. But varna-caste hierarchy is very strong and besides the difficulty is that the Dalits movement can destroy the liberties of upper castes. That is why the representatives are against of destroying the caste system because they can lose cheap labor. Civil Movement in India grows stronger and stronger. The most radical organisation at the movement is “Dalits Panthers” (like “Black Panthers” in the USA). Some Indians of upper castes worry greatly because they consider that there are many work positions for the lower castes.