This paper offers a thorough analysis of Max Weber reflections on law, as a sociological concept, in respect to politics, economics and state. His advances in theoretic comprehension of the law concept are of great scientific importance.
Max Weber (1864 - 1920) is considered to be a founding father of modern sociology and one of few theorists who provided the greatest contribution for its development. The basic theories of Max Weber constitute the fundament of modern sociology, particularly the theories of social action and motivation, social stratification, sociology of religion, theory of bureaucracy, political science, social law and economy.
It is impossible to provide an analysis of Weberian sociology without an insight into his idea of law and related concepts, particularly the order and social order. The idea of law is one of Weber’s “basic sociological terms”, along with the other concepts of action and social action, social relationships and organization. The concept of law is strongly associated with the development of other social phenomena and processes. According to Weber the primary purpose of law is to regulate the flow of human interaction Moreover, the law becomes a law when people give it the respective subjective meaning.
Weber analyzed how law, economy politics and state embody in a process of rationalization.
Weber’s attitudes to politics have been best described in his theory of legitimate authority. He revolutionized the idea of economy by suggesting his theory of “economy sociology”. The key concept in Weberian theory reveals the relationships between law and the state (authority). Weber believed that as well as economy, the state is a typically social phenomenon based on certain laws.